Still being sorted by date.
...The concert given in the Mechanics' Institute, Bacchus Marsh on Saturday evening, in connection with the St. Patrick's Day Sports, was well attended, the hall being full...
The programme of songs was then proceeded with, and lasted until half-past ten, winding up with the National Anthem. The singers were Miss Vallence, Misses Taylor, Hegarty, and Vallence (three school girls), Misses Lightly, Miss Nixon, and Miss Mackie; Messrs. Nixon. Martin, Daley. and Hartnett; also three school boys (Masters Taylor, Mahon and O'Brien). These boys sang in costume " Three Jolly Sailor Boys." and did credit to their teacher, Miss Rogers, as did the girls, who sang "The Flower Girls, or the Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock." They were encored, and gave " 'The Harp that once through Tara's halls." The boys were also encored, and repeated part of their song...
Relevance: Ross Edols
Mr. John Edols, of Dunhelm, near Broadmeadows, by his will dated November 21 1874, appointed William Taylor, of Keilor. John Ord Inglis of Ballan, and Charles Francis, of Elsternwick, his executors. He bequeathed £2000 to such charity or charities or in such proportions as the trustees deem most expedient. He left 1441 acres of land at Ballan to the use of his sister, Elizabeth Ogilvie, and her assign for life, with remainder to the executors in trust, to sell if they think fit, and invest the proceeds for the benefit of the daughters of the said Elizabeth Ogilvie. All the rest of the real and personal estate is left to the executors upon trust, to sell the same within a year of testator's death, and out of the proceeds pay £3000 to Elizabeth Ogilvie; £400 to a brother, Richard Edols, and shall invest the remainder, paying the annual income of £10,000 part of the general fund to another brother, George Idols, for life, and after his death to his widow absolutely. £2000 each shall be held by the trustees for Elizabeth Constance Ogilvie, Mary Eleanor Ogilvie and Helen Ogilvie, the daughter's of his sister, Elizabeth Ogilvie. £1000 each, also with the above part of the general fund, shall be held by the trustees for Thomas,[?] [?] the sons of the same sister, and the annnal income of £3000 is to be paid to his sister, Mary Phillips, during life, and after that to her children Lillie, Amy, Charles John, equally. £2000 to be held in trust for his nieces, Jane Edols Phillips and Thir?? Martha Phillips; £1000 each is to be held in trust for the before-mentioned Lillie, Amy, Charles and Alfred John Phillips £1000 each is to be held in trust for Richard Idols, junior, John, Frank Robert and James Edols, the sons of Richard Edols; £1500 shall be held in trust for Violet Edols, the daughter of the same Richard Edols. The trustees shall pay the annual income of £3000 to his sister, Martha Cullen, during her life and to go to her children afterwards. £1000 each shall be held in trust for John, Robert, Richard and George Cullen, the sons of tho said Martha Cullen. £1500 shall be held in trust for Fanny, Louise, Florence and Grace Cullen, her daughters. £500 is to be held in trust for Richard, John and Ernest Edols, the sons of his late brother, Robert Edols ; and £1500 for their sister Flora ; £1500 each is to be held in trust for Emily, Alice, Florence and Constance, the daughters of another brother Thomas Edols ; £1000 for Harry England France, the son of James Goodall Francis. The trustees stand possessed of the residue of the general fund in trust for Elizabeth Ogilvie, the youngest, Mary Eleanor Ogilvie, Helen Ogilvie, Jane, Their?? Martha, Lilly and Amy Phillips, Violet Edols, Fanny, Louise, Florence and Grace Cullen, Flora, Emily, Alice, Florence, and Constance Edols equally. By a codicil dated November 23. 1874, he left his furniture and effects at Dunhelm to Maria Bennett Edols, the wife of his brother, George. Real. £48,405; personal £152,377. Total £200,782.
GODFREY—GAYNOR.—On 25th September, at St. Bernard's Roman Catholic Church, Bacchus Marsh, by Rev. Father Horan, Charles Chillingworth, third son of the late Dr. Godfrey, of Herne Bay, Kent, to Elizabeth Amelia (Millie) eldest daughter of Thomas Gaynor, of Park View, Bacchus Marsh.
...We omitted to mention last week the death of Mrs. Lyle, sen., of Lyle's creek, Bacchus Marsh, who died on the 24th ult., at her son's residence, at the extreme age of 90 years and four months. The old lady had enjoyed good health up to the past year or two, and had a wonderful memory respecting bygone years. She had resided 49 years in Victoria, and 41 of them in Bacchus Marsh. Her late husband, Mr. John Lyle, who has been dead nine years, was a miller, and built the now standing but unused Border Mill in Bacchus Marsh over forty years ago. The deceased was the mother of Mrs. John Simpson. sen., and of Mr. W. Lyle, J.P., both of Bacchus Marsh. The funeral on Monday last was a lengthy one...
McKENZIE.—On 26th Nov., at their residence, Goodman's Creek, Clifford Geo., the dearly loved second child of W. A. and Emma McKenzie, aged two years and three months.
This little boy, so young and fair,
Called hence by early doom,
In Paradise would bloom,
For Cliffey was not ours but God's alone,
Who left him with us for a little while
Then called him home.
Invitations have been issued for a church social to be held in the Mechanics' Institute on Wednesday evening next as a farewell compliment to the Rev. W. H. Shields and Mrs. Shields, who are about to leave for England.
McKENZIE.—On 27th September, at Lord
Place, Richmond, the wife of W. A.
McKenzie, of a son.
RAMSEY.—On the 29th Sept., at "Glenlee"
Millbank Street, Bacchus Marsh, the
wife of George F. Ramsey, a son.
(Before Mr. Keogh, P.M., and Mr. G. Dickie, J.P.)
Police v. Thomas and Harry Wark. Assaulting Constable Chamberlain on the night of Saturday, 1st December. Mr. Dugdale for defendants.
Constable John Robert Chamberlain: Am a mounted constable stationed at Bacchus Marsh. On the night of Saturday, 1st inst., about half-past 12, I saw about 10 men at the corner of Church street. Heard bad language. Was in plain clothes. Spoke to them. Had listened to them for about 4 minutes. Said to them, "Look here, chaps, you will have to stop using such bad language, and go home." Harry Wark said there was no — bad language being used. I asked him his name. He said Jimmy Rippon. He said, "you think you are running the — town." I said I was doing my duty. He challenged me to fight, and wanted me to go up the street. I said I would arrest him, and went towards him for that purpose, when Thomas Wark caught me round the waist and held me while the other punched me. I was thrown down, and called out "murder." Mr. Little came down, and they disappeared. I subsequently arrested them on warrant.
To Mr.Dugdale: I was in plain clothes. I had left duty for that day. I have been stationed here about 6 weeks. I did not invite either of the Warks into Carter's yard to fight. The moment I closed with Harry Wark the other man grabbed me round the waist. Thomas Wark did not come in between us to separate us.
To Inspector Irvine: I was dazed with the punching I got. I did not say I was a constable, but they knew I was, for Harry Wark said I was running the — town since I came here. Thomas Wark heard him say that.
D. A. Little : Heard cries of "murder" and "help." Went to Chamberlain. He had his hat off. Asked him what was the matter. He said he had been assaulted by some of the Darley mob. Before that I heard Chamberlain asking "what is your name." Answer, "no name."
To Mr. Dugdale: I did not see the commencement. So far as I know Thos. Wark is a respectable citizen.
Robert Shortum (a young man) deposed: I live at Maddingley. I was at Carter's corner when this affair happened. Chamberlain walked up to H. Wark, and said they were not to use bad language. Wark said they were not; Chamberlain said "you want to be funny, and if you want anything come into Carter's yard." H. Wark said "no, come up the street a bit." Chamberlain then walked into Harry, and they had a set-to. That is all I know about it. Did not see Tom Wark.
To Senior-constable Moore: I did not tell you that Wark struck Chamberlain first. I did say that I would have assisted the constable, only I was afraid.
Senior-constable Moore: Why did you say that if only 1 man attacked him ?
Witness: Only 1 man hit him; the other man did not hold him.
To Mr. Dugdale: Did not ses Tom Wark do anything. I was present the whole time. Am sure that Chamberlain said, "if you want anything, come into Carter's yard." Tom Wark was standing by, that was all he was doing. Saw Tom. Wark try to separate them. He did not say anything.
To Mr. Keogh: Heard Chamberlain ask Harry Wark for his name. At first he said he had no name. Chamberlain asked him 3 times. A gentleman who was standing by said "Harry Rippon."
Senior-constable Moore said the witness had distinctly told him a different story, or he would not have summoned him as a witness for the prosecution.
Patrick M'Cormick (a boy) deposed: We were standing at the corner. Chamberlain said, "move off, you are using bad language." He got on to Harry, and asked him his name. Harry said he had no name. He told Harry if he wanted anything to come into this yard. He did not say Carter's yard. Harry asked him to come up the road, and had a fight with him. Thos. Wark saw people coming along, and tried to separate them. Chamberlain was singing out "murder." Only 1 man touched him. Thos. Wark did not strike him.
The P.M.: The constable swears that Thos. Wark held him. Witness: Thos. Wark did not hold Chamberlain. He only put his hand between them, and told Harry to do a get.
Senior-Constable Moore: Did you not tell me that you ran away when you saw that there was going to be a row, and that you were at Shelly's, 300 yards away, when the cries of murder arose ?
Witness: I did not tell you that I ran away, but I think I told you that I was at Shelly's.
Senior-constable Moore: If it was true that Chamberlain wanted to fight Wark, would he not have gone up the road in stead of into Carter's yard?
The P.M.: How many were there?
Witness: 6 or 8.
The P.M.: And the constable was going to fight the whole push ? That will do.
Thomas Wark: 6 or 8 stood at the corner. Chamberlain came up ahd told us to shift, and not to use this bad language. I and several others were standing on the bridge. Chamberlain went to Harry, who was standing in a bit on the footpath. He told him to shift. Harry shifted, and said there was plenty of room to pass. Chamberlain again told him to shift, or he'd soon shift him. Harry again said there was plenty of room. Chamberlain said, "you are a smart sort of a bloke." Harry said, "just as smart as you are." Chamberlain said, "come on into the yard here and I'll give you all you want." Harry said, "there is no need for the yard, you can come up the road." Harry went up the street, and they closed and had a go. It lasted 5 or 10 minutes. Chamberlain sang out "murder." I saw 2 or 3 coming, and went in between to separate them. I did not strike the constable. I told Harry to do a get. Saw the constable after that.
Senior-constable Moore asked how it was that Harry Wark was stripped for a fight, and the constable was not, if he first proposed fighting ?
Mr. Dugdale proposed to address the bench, but the P.M. said he would only hear evidence as to character.
Senior-constable Moore said he knew nothing against Thos. Wark up to now.
The P.M. said the bench were satisfied there had been an assault. They believed the constable's evidence, and disbelieved that for the defence. They were determined to support the Police.
Harry Wark would be fined £3, and Thomas Wark £1. Harry Wark was also fined 10s. for insulting behaviour.
M'Phail Brothers v. Hugh -M'Donald. Debt--£7. Order for amount, with 26s. costs. Mr. Dugdale for plaintiffs. C. E. Wynne v. Mrs. Somerton. Debt -£6 12s. 6d. Order for amount, and 26s. costs. Mr. Dugdale for plaintiff.
...A miner named George Olsen was accidentally killed on Wednesday afternoon by a fall of earth in a tunnel claim on the Lerderderg in which he was working with a mate named Hammond, who must have had a narrow escape himself from being killed, as he had only left the tunnel a few minutes, when, on his return, he found that about 6 tons of boulders and earth had fallen from the face of the tunnel upon Olsen, who was quite dead. Hammond removed the earth from Olsen's face and shoulders, and saw that he was much battered about the head, and had one arm broken. He went to a miner named Leslie, who came back with him, and seeihg what had happened went to Mr. Wilkinson's farm, and one of his sons rode in for the Police. Senior-constable Moore went out, and had the body brought into the township. Mr. T. Cain; J.P., held an enquiry on Thursday morning, when a verdict of accidental death was recorded. The deceased was about 40 years of age, and apparently a Norwegian. He came. to this district last Christmas, and. is believed to have had a claim at Eaglehawk. The tunnel he was working in was an old one, about 200 feet long, untimbered, and highly dangerous, as it was a loose formation, showing moisture from the recent rains....
MR. SKENE AT BACCHUS MARSH.
On Saturday afternoon Mr. T. Skene addressed the electors in the Mechanics' Institute, Bacchus Marsh. Cr. J. Bourke, President of the Shire, took the chair, and explained that he lived too far from the township to permit of his presiding at evening meetings. Mr. Skene said the candidates had to give so much time to travelling that he could not address them at any length, and he wished to give as much time as possible to questions. He had been elected twice to the House of Representatives, and had no reason to doubt his reelection, but he had felt it to be his duty to comply with requests to make one of a united group of three for whom electors could vote, as every voter must vote for three. As President of the Royal Agricultural Society he was regarded as a representative of country interests whom electors could accept, even if he could not make himself personally known to them. They wanted two parties in the House, and Socialism and anti-Socialism was a clear line of cleavage. He would sooner see the Labour party in power than a weak Ministry, with no decided followers. The Freetrade party was now a small one, and he was in hope that Mr. Reid and Mr. Deakin would form a coalition. There was nothing to prevent it except a little personal abuse. Mr. Skene then referred to Owen's socialism, and how it broke down because the women would not wear uniform. Men would not work without the hope of acquiring property. At Broken Hill and in N.Z. men would not share their wages. Regimentation would bring about the caste system of the Hindoos. Some despot would have to sweep the whole affair away. The Federation was not based upon a land tax, but upon Customs duties, and it would depreciate mortgage margins very seriously, and probably bring about a financial crisis. The country districts were at a disadvantage in respect to the Senate because the State was not divided into three Provinces. Mr. Watson had suggested that, and it was a desirable change. Three Senators now were elected by the cities.
In answer to questions (chiefly from Mr. Mark Kyle, J.P.) Mr. Skene said he had found the Labour members reasonable upon most topics. In the Senate the lines of party allegiance were less stringent than in the Lower House, because the latter alone made Ministries. He would vote according to the merits of each question. He would support Protection and Mr. Deakin, but not in alliance with the Labour party. He thought the Watson Ministry should not have been turned out when it was, but he voted with his party. He would like to see the Upper House elected by the Lower House. There was danger of excessive cost of elections under the present plan. He was not a high tariff man; he was the first to propose a fixed duty of £10 upon harvesters. The Deakin Ministry had kept back some of the later tariff reports, and Sir W. Lyne said they would have been fools not to do so. He had advocated the creation of a permanent Board to regulate the tariff. The House could not deal with details. As Sir George Turner had said, you could not touch one item without disarranging others. He followed Mr. Reid in anti-Socialism, but not in Free trade. .
Cr. Molesworth R. Greene, J.P.: Wheat growing is a national industry, but we cannot get Protection, except by cheapening machinery. As we have to be exporters we can only get Protection in that way.
Mr. Skene said the Tariff Board could regulate that. Internal competiion would reduce prices.
Cr. Greene moved a vote of thanks to Mr. Skene. He was convinced he would be an excellent member.
Mr. W. Lyle, J.P., seconded.
Mr. Mark Kyle supported, as Mr. Skene had given an excellent address.
Carried. Mr. Skene moved a vote of thanks to the Chairman.
CARRIAGE and BUGGY BUILDER,
Spring Carts, Spring Drays, Spring Waggons, Farmers' Buggies, new and secondhand, for sale.
JINKERS, with Hickory Wheels and Sliding Seats, from £14.
Tyre re-setting a speciality.
...Mr. Mark Usher, a local resident, has been appointed resident working curator of Maddingley Park. We believe that public approval will encourage him, and applaud the Trustees. They have given Mr. Usher a chance of a life time, and he can fulfil all requirements, we believe, as well as any man living, as he has the necessary ability and strenth of muscle...
...Senior-constable Barclay v. Thomas Warke. Insulting behaviour. Fined 10/.
Same v. Harry Warke. Riotous behaviour. Fighting outside Border Inn. Fined £I.
Master Harold Jones, pupil of Bacchus Marsh State school, who was successful in a recent competitive examination for Junior Teachers in the metropolitan area, has been appointed to Williamstown North State school. He is third son of Constable Jones, of this town. The salary is £30 per annum, with yearly increments of £10.
Messrs. Young Bros., Horsham, report having sold on account of Molesworth R. Greene, Esq, Greystones estate, near Bacchus Marsh (conjointly with Messrs. L. A. Fairbairn & Co.)—Some 8,489 acres, in subdivisional sale. Numerous tenders were received for areas in this estate, but the competition from the Wimmera was too keen for local buyers, consequently the following tenders were accepted, at an average, of nearly £7 per acre. Only six out of thirty-five blocks remain unsold : 515 acres, to........(Winderlick)........(near) Dooen, near Horsham; 1,850 acres to R. J. Bushby, Dimboola; 708 acres, to Duncan Ross, Lubeck, near Horsham; 868 acres, to P. F. Dahlenberg, Lubeck, near Horsham.
The plan of sale of the above Greystones blocks shows that the five blocks nearest the Parwan railway station are sold to Mrs. Winderlick. The next twelve blocks behind those are Mr. R. J. Bushby's. Two dams and portion of Balliang creek shown on these. Then come six unsold blocks between two roads, and with a dam and portion of Balliang creek. Then come seven Balliang creek frontage blocks sold to Mr. P.F. Dahlenberg. One of these has a house on it. Then five blocks (one with a frontage to Balliang creek) sold to Mr. Duncan Ross. These blocks show "Bald hill," a house and a dam. All these blocks are six to seven miles south of Bacchus Marsh township.
CONDON.—On the 2nd November, at "Clover Banks," Bacchus Marsh, John, the dearly beloved husband of Catherine Condon, aged 75 years. R.I.P.
...Messrs. L. A. Fairbairn & Co. report having sold (in conjunction with Messrs. Young Bros.) Lot 23 of the Greystones estate, making a total area sold, to date, of 3,932 acres, for a total of £26,962. The purchaser of this allotment is Mr. Duncan Ross, of Lubeck...
...The Scientific American for Sept. 25, 1900, contains particulars and pictures of Symington's Charlotte Dundas steamboat of 1802. Also a French one of 1783. And an English one of 1736. Of Symington's the S.A. says:—"This vessel, designed by William Symington, for the Forth on Clyde canal, travelled 19½ miles against a hard head wind, at the rate of 8½ miles an hour, towing two 70 ton barges. His horizontal engine, direct-connected from cross-head to paddle-wheel shaft, was many decades ahead of its time. It embodied all the essential features of the modern horizontal engine; and, mechanically, was a great advance upon the Watt beam engines of that day." Symington first applied steam power to navigation in 1788. Americans had a steamboat in 1787...
FATAL STREET BRAWL AT BACCHUS MARSH.
CONSTABLE JONES KILLED BY A BLOW FROM A BEER BOTTLE
A BRUTAL assault case occurred early on Sunday morning last (New Year's Day) in the Main street, opposite. the Border Inn, when Constable Charles Hotham Jones lost his life in the execution of his duty; and a young man named James M'Cormack, a labourer, 24 years of age, the son of a widow, is now under arrest charged with the wilful murder of the Constable.
About midnight on the last day of 1910 a disturbance occurred, and Constable Jones was endeavouring to arrest Patrick M'Cormack (a brother of the accused) when Senior-constable Barclay came to his assistance also, and it was. while the latter was taking his prisoner to the watch-house that Constable Jones was struck on the head with a full beer bottle, as the broken neck of the bottle, with the cork undrawn, was found on the pathway. Constable Barclay was also struck, which staggered him for a while.
It was plainly seen that Jones was seriously injured, but he walked with assistance to the Police station, where Dr. Noel Vance attended him, and stitched up his wound, from which he lost a large quantity of blood. He was then driven to his home, Jones saying he would be all right in a day or two. On Sunday morning he was taken by the Adelaide express train (which passes through Bacchus Marsh) to the Police Hospital, St. Kilda road, where his injuries were at once recognised to be of a serious nature, his skull being fractured. He was operated upon, but he gradually sank, and died early on Wednesday morning, having been un conscious for some time previous.
Detective Jenkins was given charge of the case, and he came to Bacchus Marsh on Tuesday evening when, having examined several witnesses, he took out a warrant for the arrest of James M'Cormack for having inflicted grievous bodily harm on Charles Hotham Jones.
Early on Wednesday morning he and Senior-constable Barclay proceeded to Darley, and arrested accused, who said that he had expected them.
He was brought into the local Police station, and, as Constable Jones had died since the warrant was issued, he was charged with wilful murder. He denies having hit Jones with a bottle, nor did he have any bottles in his possession at the time. He was brought before Dr. Vance, J.P., and Detective Jenkins asked for a remand for a week.
When accused was asked if he had any objection, he said "No; I never did the deed though."
He will appear in Melbourne on Wednesday next, 11th inst.
Constable Jones was born on 23rd August, 1861, and was therefore 50 years of age, although he looked older. He joined the force in 1886, so had 25 years service to his credit., He came to Bacchus Marsh in March, 1906 . He leaves a wife and family of three sons and two daughters. His tragic death has caused widespread sympathy. He had property in the district, and was understood to be in good circumstances.
The night was very dark, and the Police think that the street lamps should be kept alight longer, especially on Saturday nights.
The funeral took place at the Maddingley Cemetery on Thursday after-noon, in a great dust storm. Police from the Surrounding districts were. present; and among the wreaths was an elaborate one from the Police Depot Melbourne. The Rev. T. W. Davis conducted the service at the grave.
THE above estate, situated between Bacchus Marsh and Gisborne, and cantaining 1,216 acres, was offered for sale in five lots on Saturday last by Mr. R. H. Dugdale. of Messrs. L. A. Fairbairn & Co., and he did his work well, but as the biddings did not reach the reserve the property was passed, in for private sale.
The Auctioneer read the condi tions and terms, which he considered very simple and reasonable. The property was well-known; it was bought by the late Mr. Skene (the present owner's father) after looking round for a good property, not only in Victoria, but in the other States also. Mr. Skene had worked the property energeticaly , and well. Lucerne, maize, rape, &c., were grown on this estate to perfection. The crops this year were over the fences, and the potato crops were looking exceptionally well. The lambs had averaged 13/.
Lot 1, containing 153 acres, known as the "Spotswood paddock," (with the option of taking Lot 2, of 154 acres) was then offered by Mr. Dugdale, who said that Mr. Skene was desirous of selling, and the price put on the land by him was a long way below what was being paid for similar land in other parts of the State. It was between two rail way stations, and a good metal road to the door. There were shiploads of people arriving here looking for land. This land was rich chocolate soil. Sheep, cattle and horses all thrived well. One third was wire netted, and the balance was well fenced—practically new—as Mr. Skene had gone round the lot.
The bidding started at £7, and went to £8, at which price it was passed in.
Lot 2 was also passed in at £8/10/.
There was no offer for Lot 3, containing 320 acres, with a mile front age to the main road. The auctioneer said Mr. Skene told him he could grow anything on this block, and every time he cultivated it he thought more of it. It was worth £12 per acre.
Lots 4 (256 acres) and 5 (383 acres) containing the homestead, were not offered.
[BY CAPTAIN F. L. BILLINGHUST, V.D.]
THE ARMY OF THE COMMONWEALTH.
17TH BRIGADE, AREA 65A, HEADQUARTERS FOOTSCRAY. O.I.C., MAJOR J. B. HICKSON. STAFF SERGEANT-MAJOR M. COATS.
Bacchus Marsh Battalion Captain F. L. Billinghurst, V.D.
UNDER the system of Universal Training established by the Defence Acts, 1903-1910, the persons liable to be trained are :—From 12 to 14 years of age, in the Junior Cadets; from 14 to 18 years of age in the Senior Cadets; and from 18 to 26 years of age in the Citizen Forces.
At present, only those liable to training as Senior Cadets are being called upon.
For the purpose of the scheme, all those portions of Australia not specially exempted under the Defence Act are divided into "Battalion Areas" and "Training Areas."
The training Areas are in charge of permanent area officers; the Battalions have been placed under the command of officers drawn from the present Commonwealth Military Forces.
Bacchus Marsh is incorporated in the 65th Battalion, which includes Training Areas 65 (a) and 65 (b); and has been placed under the command of Capt. F. L. Billinghurst. The area, 65 (a) being in charge of Capt. J. B. Hickson.
The Headquarters of the Battalion are at Footscray; with companies at Footscray (3), Footscray and Bacchus Marsh, Footscray West, Footscray East, Yarraville West, Yarraville East.
The maximum number for a Company is 120; the minimum, 80.
It was originally intended to have a Company at Bacchus Marsh, with a detachment at Sunbury, but the number registered at Sunbury was not deemed sufficient to warrant a Drill Instructor being sent there for the present; and, as the Bacchus Marsh register only showed 73, Bacchus Marsh has, for the present, been made a Detachment of one of the Footscray Companies.
In inaugurating a large scheme like this there are naturally many difficulties to be overcome, and it cannot be expected to be got into working order all at once.
It would be obviously impossible to have Drill Instructors travelling all over an area, and drilling small squads here and there; so, for the present, drill centres have been established in each Area; and boys living too far from these centres to be able to attend regularly are being exempted for a time only.
The following are some of the regulations applying to the Senior Cadets.
In order to be classified as efficient a Senior Cadet is required to attend not less than the following Statutory Parades each year:— Four whole days of not less than six hours; twelve half days, of not less than three hours; and twenty four nights, of not less than 1½ hours, and to attain a sufficient standard of efficiency.
Attendance at these statutory parades is obligatory; but additional voluntary parades will be called.
If, for any reason other than illness (duly certified) a Senior Cadet is absent from a statutory parade, he shall, in order to become efficient, attend—if absent with leave from any parade—one of such additional voluntary parades of equal duration; if absent without leave from any parade, two of such voluntary par ades of equal duration.
Leave of absence only to be granted in very special cases.
No employer shall prevent, or attempt to prevent, any employee who is serving or liable to serve in the Cadets, from rendering the personal service required of him; or penalize him in any way, either by reducing his wages or dismissing him, or in any other manner. penalty, One huindred pounds.
Any Cadet who, in one year, without lawful excuse, evades, or fails to render the personal services required (i.e. the full number of statutory drills as above) is liable to a penalty not exceeding £100, or less than £5. In fixing the amount of penalty the Court shall have regard to the nearness of the person, and those of his parents.
It shall be a punishable offence for a Senior Cadet to have in his possession any intoxicating liquor, cigarettes, or material for making same, when in uniform, on duty, or on parade.
Uniforms will be issued free; and must be worn at all parades and drills; but it is prohibited to wear them at any other time.
Drills will be held in Bacchus Marsh on Wednesdays; that day being the general half-holiday.
For the first few weeks the drilling will naturally be elementary; but, if the boys show themselves smart and adaptable, they will soon be put on to more interesting work.
There is one thing, however, which absolutely must be remembered. This Universal Training is not play; it is not even volunteering; but it is the real thing—the commencement of the Australian Army of Defence, consequently strict discipline will be enforced; as without thorough discipline the whole scheme might just as well be abandoned.
It lies with the boys to so perform their duties that no "straitening up" will be required.
The following appointments as non-commissioned officers have been made for the Bacchus Marsh company :
Sergeants :—N. P. Simpson, and C. E. Crook.
Corporals :—P. Moffatt and K. J. Ramsey.
Recommended as Lance-Corporals:— J. J. McPherson and H. G. Crawford.
The above is worth issuing as a General Order. "Australian Army of Defence" (or Commonwealth Army, for short) is the proper Military title, and the Melbourne papers are placing it outside the protection of civilised warfare by calling it the "Young Guard." It is not the Young Guard; but the commence ment of permanent regiments of the line. Placing the Army upon any lower level of nomenclature belittles it for all time, and breeds larrikinism. It also conceals the fact that the whole community is represented by its Army, and must support it. The Defence Department is wholly to blame for not emphasising that fact. It has not realised that an Act of Parliament, and Regulations, will not create an Army. The whole community must be roused to understand and support universal compulsory training. Every district should have an adult non-enrolled corps to provide commissariat for the soldiers when they are not catered for by the Defence Depart ment. This is a duty wholly over looked. With Volunteer companies the officers used to do a good deal of that, but now the non-combatants must do it, and organise for the purpose. Sancho Panza Ministers of the Crown take a long time to be educated to the depths of their duties.—Ed.
A WEDDING took place in the Presbyterian Church, Bacchus Marsh, on Wednesday last, 23rd inst., the con tracting parties being Mr. Charles H. Fagg, second son of Mr. and Mrs. R. Fagg, Bacchus Marsh, and Miss Agnes Jane (Jeannie) Brown, youngest daughter of the late James and Mrs. Brown, of Hill House, Parwan. Her sister, Miss Annie Brown, acted as brides maid, and the bride's niece, Miss Jessie Lindsay (Horsham) as train-bearer. Mr. James Fagg supported his brother as best man. The bride was given away by her brother-in-law, Mr. R. Lindsay (Horsham.)
...Mr. Percy M. Jones (son of the late Mounted-constable Jones) who was formerly letter carrier at the Bacchus Marsh post-office, and promoted to Mortlake, has now been further promoted to Bacchus Marsh as telegraph operator, in place of Mr. L. W. South, who has also received promotion as telegraphist to the G.P.O., and will take up his new duties there next week. Both have been very satisfactory here, and will do credit to the service....
FOUR GENERATIONS AT BACCHUS MARSH
George McGregor, aged 85; John McGregor, aged 49; John McGregor jun..
aged 25; Royce John W. McGregor, aged 15 months.
(Photo. by E[S]. T. Browne)
THE Bacchus Marsh Railway Station, and.the travelling public, have lost a good official in Mr. E. C. Anderson, head booking clerk, &c., as, after three years service here, he has been promoted to Castlemaine.
Mr. J. Vinning, recently of Sale, and Echuca, is Mr. Anderson's successor here, and was introduced by the Chairman during the evening.
McGRATH—MORGAN.—On the 23rd Oct., at St. Joseph's R.C. Church, Elstern-wick, by the Rev. Father J. Bride, John, eldest son of Patrick McGrath, of Bacchus Marsh, to Susan J., youngest daughter of Susan and the late Bernard Morgan, of Dumbarton, Scotland.
A marriage, of much interest to Melbourne society, took place at the Scots Church, Collins street, on Wednesday afternoon, April 30th, between Mr. Thomas Skene, of Bullengarook, eldest son of Mrs. Thomas Skene, "Branksome," Bay road, Sandringham, and the late Mr. Thomas Skene, and Mrs. Tom Staughton, widow of the late Captain Staughton, D.S.O., of "Eynesbury," Melton, eldest son of Mrs. S. T. Staughton, of "St. Neots," Domain road, South Yarra, and the late Mr. S. T. Staughton. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Dr. Alexander Marshall. The bride wore her travelling dress, a grey coat and skirt, with hat en suite, and only the nearent relatives of the bride and bridegroom were present, including Mrs. S. T. Staughton.—"Australasian."
PRESENTATION TO MRS. D. A.
The Schoolroom at St. Joseph's Convent (which was tastefully decorated for the occasion by the Sisters) as the scene of very pleasant gathering on Thursday afternoon, when the Catholic ladies of the district, who attended in large numbers, and with an ample supply of refreshments, tendered a farewell social to Mrs. D. A. Little, who was accompanieid by Miss Little.
The Rev. P. J. Gleeson presided, and in a very complimentary speech referred to Mrs. Little's many good qualities as a citizen, who could always be depended upon to take her share in any worthy movement, and dwelt specially on the part she took in bringing up and educating a large and creditable family. It then became his pleasant duty to present to Mrs. Little, on behalf of the ladies of St. Bernard's congegation, a handsome diamond brace let, which he trusted would often. remind her of the many happy days she spent in Bacchus Marsh, and concluded by sincerely wishing her and Mr. Little and their family every happiess and prosperity in their new home.
Mrs. Little, in a really good speech, appropriately responded, and thanked Father Gleeson for his kindly reference to her and her family; and the ladies for their handsome gift, which she highly prized, remarking that she felt she did not deserve it, as anything she had done while living among them had been a labor of love to ner. She desired to express her sincere thanks to the Sisters of St. Joseph for the part they played in educating and grounding the character of her children.
Mr. C. F. Hegarty thanked the ladies for the invitation to be present, thus affording the opportunity to join them in showing their appreciation of Mrs. Little, and while regretting their departure, wished Mrs. Little, her husband and their family every future happiness.
A very happy little function was then closed by the company singing Auld Lang Syne.
The teachers and scholars at the Bacchus Marsh State school made a presentation of a set of Dickens' works to Miss Jean Little, who has been teacher at the school for some years, but has now left the service.
Mr. Gerald A. Little (second son of Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Little) has been successful in passing the Licensed Surveyors' Examination. He. also won at the same time the prize offered by the Victorian Institute of Surveyors for the most meritorious pass.
FAREWELL TO VOLUNTEERS.
That the Bacchus Marsh people can rise to the occasion was proved ten-fold on Tuesday evening last, when they filled the Mechanics' Institute to overflowing, and that on a few hours' notice only. The gathering was to bid farewell to six members of the Bacchus Marsh Troop of Light Horse who had been accepted as units of the Australian Expeditionary Force.
Several other members of the Troop volunteered, but were not successful in getting through. The chosen ones are—Corporal William Morton. (son of Mr. James Morton, Pentland Hills), Corporal Maurice Whelan (son of Mr. Stephen Whelan, Parwan), Private C. R. Edwards (son of Mr. Thomas Edwards, Parwan), Private Colin Todd (son of Mr. John N. Todd, Werribee Vale), Private McKenzie, and Private Minnett. The above, and other members of the Troop, in charge of Lieutenant Packington Vallence, were seated on the platform.
The President of the Shire, Cr. James Watson, J.P.,. resided at the meeting, and enthusiastic patriotic addresses were given by Mr. Mark Kyle, J.P., and Mr. John Wills, Messrs. Thomas Anderson, Thomas Heath, Cr. W. H. McFarlane, J.P., also spoke.
Mr. W. Williams conveyed to the men the feeling of the meeting towards them; and promised them a grand home-coming if they conducted themselves properly on the battlefield, which he was sure they would do.
Cheers were given for the men.
Lieut. Valence returned thanks. The men, he said, were equal to any in Australia. He was sorry he was not going with them himself, but he had not been put out of action, as he had received orders to take the whole Troop into camp, to defend this grand country of ours.
Interspersed witlh the speeches a musical programme was contributed to by Mrs. Emmett, Misses Emmett, Blake, Moss; Messers Johns Palmer, McLachlan, Ashley, Oliver, and Hartley; and choruses by boys and girls. Mrs. E. Gordon Morris played the accompaniments.
The management wish to thank all those who assisted.
The gathering was excellently managed by that most useful citizen, Mr. W. Williams, B.A. who acted as hon. Secretary, asisted by Mr. H. H. Blight, as hon. Treasurer.
The meeting closed with Rule Britannia and the National Anthem.
The men left by the midday train on Wednesday. Lieut. Vallence lined the men up and gave them some good advice. This was valuable, as Lieut. Vallence went through the South African campaign The men were cheered on leaving.
Corporal Morton [?] [?] [?] to thank the people for the splendid send-off given him and his comrades both at the Mechanics' Institute and the railway station.
The other members of the Bacchus Marsh Troop left on Thursday evening. It is expected that they will be placed on Auistralian duty only.
Mr. William Edwards, another son of Mr Thomas Edwards, has also joined the Expeditionary Force.
Mr. Charles Waterhouse, who was officer attached to the local Citizen Forces, volunteered for active service and has been accepted.
Mr. Stanly Dixon, writes:—"Will you rectify an omission, made by the committiee of The Patriotic Fund, at the send-off last Tuesday night. No mention was made of Mr. Charles Waterhouse, who was in command up till last Saturday, of the local Citizen Force. He, like the others, volunteered, and was accepted, and received orders to report at headquarters on Mondady, 17th."
[The secretary of the meeting informs us that a special messenger was sent to Mr. Waterhouse's home inviting him to be present at the gathering. The answer came back that Mr. Waterhouse was away at Exford.]
Further volunteers for, the Infantry are advertised for. Applicants to apply at once to Lieut. Jeffrey, Bacchus Marsh.
Again the people of Bacchus Marsh assembled at the Mechanics' Institute on Friday evening to bid farewell to those who had volunteered for service in the Australian Expeditionary Force. The quota from here is 20, and the names are as follows:—
Charles Waterhouse, Charles Edwards, William Morton, Samuel Miinett, Colin Todd, William MacKenzie, Maurice Whelan, Thomas Oliver, Alex. Murdoch, Richard Barry, Charles Lyle, Alfred Farrow, Arthur Hine, Reginald Evans, Thos. 0'Leary, Webbe Crook, Frank Crook, George Moore, John Campbell, Wm. Clark.
The majority of the above were present at the gathering, and the men received a splendid reception. Patriotic songs were rendered and addresses given by several speakers, including members of the clergy. The President of the Shire, Cr. Jas. Watson, J.P., presided; and the Hon. Sec., Mr. W. Williams, B.A., also acted as Director of Ceremonies. Much enthusiasm was shown throughout, and the whole proceedings formed a fitting farewell to those who have given their services A collection taken up in aid of the local Red Cross fund realised £13; and amounts have been received since, bringing, it up to £15. The above collection was made up of one half-sovereign, five half-crowns, 15 two-shilling pieces, 129 shillings, 157 sixpences, 154 three pences, 14 pence, 8 half-pence; total, 483 coins.
On Sunday evening an enormous crowd assembled, at the local railway station to see the men off; and the train left amidst cheers, after the singing of the National Anthem.
A meeting of the Delegates of the Junior Association will be held at Henry's hotel on Wednesday evening next, 21st, at 8 o'clock. Busness—To arrange to play the final match.
W. G. Chippindall, Hon. Sec. of the Darley Club writes:—At a recent meeting of the Darley Dons Football club it was decided that, having the best claim to the Premiership, they consider themselves Premiers for the past season.
SHIRE OF BACCHUS MARSH.
NOTICE is hereby given that unless all Star Thistles, Bathurst Burr, Saffron Thistle, and African Boxthorn be DESTROYED from half the width of the Road fronting holdings within two weeks that LEGAL PROCEEDINGS will be taken against occupiers of such holdings.
A. MACKENZIE TYERS,
Shire Office, 25/11/14.
A MACKENZIE TYERS,
C. E., Mel. Univ.; A.M.I.C.E., Lond.;
and B.C.E., Mel.
M.V.I.S. and M.V.IM.E.
ARCHITECT AND SURVEYOR.
Engineer and Secretary, Shire of Bacchus Marsh.
Licensed—"Transfer of Land Act,"Vict. and W.A.; " Water Act"; "Local Governmenf Act," . Vict; and N.S.W.
Dr. F. L. NANCE
Wishes to intimate that he is commencing practice at BACCHUS MARSH next week, and may be consulted at residence in Main St. (next to Mr. John Simpson.)
I came across a fine biographiccal compilation in 5th Octobers' issue, 1866. The family of Symington, of Hopetoun, have the great honor of being in direct line of descent from William Symington, the real inventor of steam navigation. This compilation was probably the workmanship of the early editor, Dr. Rae. William Symington, in 1789, fitted a boat with steam propelling apparatus, which was tried on the Forth and on the Clyde Canal with such success that Lord Dundas had the Duke of Bridgewater earnestly assisted Mr. Symington to further developing his invention However, untoward circumstances prevented the invention from obtaining such a reward for his services as their merit deserved, but some recognition of them was made by George the Fourth, who granted him £100 from his privy purse, and a further sum of £50 a year or two afterwards. He died on 22nd March, 1831. An inventive son of an inventive father, Mr. William Symington C. E., dies at his residence, Bacchus Marsh, on 17th March, 1867. He had been a colonist of some twelve years standing, nearly nine of which were passed in Bacchus Marsh. He gave every proof of inventive faculty, for he had besides other inventions perfected a plan for preserving potatoes, and also one for preserving milk. The former invention was sold to a company in England, who in turn obtained £1,000 for it. Mr. Symington had in his possession a model of the first steamboat the "Charlotte Dundas." An exhibit of the granulated preserved potatoes at the Intercolonial Exhibition in Melbourne, of 1866, obtained for Mr. Symington a gold medal for the Commissioners. The recognition of the merits of the invention must have been gratifying during the last few weeks of his existence to the inventor. Mr. Symington was born in Falkirk, Stirling Shire, on 22nd March 1802. In 1844 he received the gold medal of the Society of Arts for his invention for dessicating or extracting moisture from various substances, such as Woollen and silk fabrics, wood, &c., and for purifying casks. Several of these kinds of apparatus were supplied to Her Majesty's Government for use in the Crimean Hospitals during the Russian war for drying and disinfecting clothing. The invention was also used in all cases where drying or roasting powers were required, such as for roasting coffee, chicory, &c., or for warming large buildings, and was subsequently applied to assist the processes of preserving potatoes and milk above mentioned. Mr. Symington exhibited at the Great Exibition, of 1857, an improved gun wad, made of wood, which was then rejected by the Admiralty as unsuitable for adoption by them, but at the time in which sketch was compiled this wad was almost exclusively used in the service, and Mr. Symington fitted up in Woolwich Arsenal one of his dessicating machines for the very purpose of seasoning or drying gun wads of his own invention. He also effected an improvement in projectiles for smooth bore guns, obviating the necessity of rifling. This was brought under the notice of the Treasurer of Victoria of the day, but no notice appears to have been taken of it, and Mr. Symington did not care to pursue the matter.
On his arrival in Victoria, Mr. Symington turned his attention to effecting improvements in quartz crushing and amalgamating processes, more particularly the latter, and took out a patent for a process, the principal feature of which was the introducing amongst the pulverised quartz of quicks few inches above the top of the chimney proper an outer casing (or larger chimney) of metal, leaving a space all round between it and the chimney for the smoke to escape so that any wind, which otherwise blew directly across the top of the chim ney was broken by the edge of the protector, and the smoke had time to escape down the side.
The late Mr. Symington, during his residence in the Marsh devoted himself to brewing pursuits, and although the occupation was said not to be congenial to his tastes, yet public opinion was unanimous that he produced a good article. He built his own dwelling house and brew house; constructed his own vats and casks; and in fact nearly everything required for the business. The sketch ends, "The funeral took place on Tuesday, and was numerously attended. Every mark of respect was paid to the deceased, and thus closed the career of one who in a manner links Bacchus Marsh with one of the important achievements of science, viz.; the consummation of steam navigation, and who be sides was considered to be a benefactor to mankind as having added considerably to the knowledge of mechanical appliances."
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
The residents here regret that Mr. T. H. Skene has let his Bullengarook estate, and is leaving the district. His departure will be a distinct loss to the community, as he is every where regarded as a white man.
The young folks are going, to have a social on Friday evening, March 5th, in aid of the picnic fund, proposed to be held on Easter Monday. It is to be hoped, the weather will be propitious, as we generally have a good crowd come to see us.
Rain badly wanted.
I have been wondering whether our Railway Committee is defunct, or only sleeping. The present is a good time to start another campaign, as other matters are very quiet.
We have been informed that Mr. T. H. Skene is off to England, to join the troops there.
Percy Moffatt, son of Mr. H. Moffatt, has been appointed junior teacher of Bacchus Marsh State school, in lieu of. Miss Jean Little, resigned. He has just finished a successful three years course of study at Melbourne High School, receiving throughout excellent reports from the Principal (Mr. J. Hocking, BA.). He has passed the Junior Public and Senior Public examination, gaining distinction in some subjects. He was formerly a pupil of the State School, under Mr. W. Williams, B.A.
...Mr. and Mrs. T. H. Skene, and Master Simon Staughton, left for England on Tuesday by the Malwa for an indefinite period, Mr. Skene intends to offer his services to the military authorities...
AUSTRALIANS KILLED IN ACTION.
Private Thomas O'Leary has been killed whilest fighting against the Turks at the Dardanelles. He was known in Bacchus Marsh having enlisted from here, and his brother, Mr. P. A. O'Leary, is an officer of the Water Commission at Bacchus Marsh. He was about 23 years of age, and his parents reside at Kyneton. Another brother, James is now on his way to the Front as a member of the Third Contingent. Both those soldiers are cousins to Sergeant Michael O'Leary, of the Irish Guards, who received the Victoria Cross for con[s]picuous bravery by rushing to the front of an at tacking party and killed five Germans who were in charge of a machine gun. Then 60 yards further on he captured another barricade, killing three of the enemy and made prisoners of two more. Before he made history in the Army he served the Empire as a blue jacket on H.M.S. Vivid.
The Kyneton "Observer," in referring to the late Private O'Leary, says:—"The sixteenth casualty list bore the regrettable news that a Kyneton soldier had died of his wounds. This was Private T. O'Leary, of Redsdale Junction. Pte. O'Leary, who was cousin to the Victoria Cross hero of the same name, was well known locally as a high spirited young man. He was about 23 years of age, and before enlisting had followed various occupations which took him for lengthy periods to other parts of Victoria. The heartfelt sympathy of Kyneton people will be extended to the bereaved relatives. Private O'Leary's sister is a Sister at the Sacred Heart Convent of Mercy. At Mass yesterday morning the Very Rev. Dean Hegarty asked worshippers at the Roman Catlfolic Church to pray for the repose of the soul of the deceased soldier, and also to pray that peace might soon be re stored.
The English "Daily Mirror" says: —"The greatest deed of the war has beon performed by Sergeant Michael O'Leary, V.C., of the Irish Guards. It is one of the most heroic things in the history of the world. It is a reality that makes romance seem trivial. O'Leary, the immortal Irishman, captured a German position single-handed, killed eight of the enemy and made two others prisoners. Michael O'Leary is not yet 25 years old. He was born in Macroom, Co. Cork. He is one of the most popular men in the regiment."
In the list of casualties appears thee namne of Sergeant-Major T. C. Waterhouse, of Bacchus Marsh, as having been wounded.
Mr. H. Scarce is the convener of a meeting for Monday night next, for the purpose of giving a send off to Corporal McPherson who is going to the front.
Alex. Durward was charged by Senior-constable Dally for using, indecent language in the Main street. Defendant was drunk, and when told to go home by the Constable started arguing and used bad language.
Mrs. Thomas Skene has heard by cable message from her son, Mr. T. H. Skene, of Bullengarook, who left recently for England, that he has received a commission in the transport of the Northumberland Fusiliers.
..."Jack and I kept together, so that if one got hit the other would take him hack, and not leave him to the enemy. Three men were shot around me, and Jack was the fourth. I don't know how I escaped, for the bul-lets were flying in hundreds when I was carrying him back. I could only get along slowly, for he had fainted." So wrote Private W.H. Dukelow to his aunt, Mrs S. Swanton, Werribee, of her son, Private J. Swanton, who died shortly afterwards from wounds. "I was with him till the last, and he was buried by our boys next morning. The prayers were read over him by a Church of England clergyman. He is buried in a little cleared space at the foot of the hills, near the beach. I think it is an old orchard. There is long barley grass growing there, and a few fruit trees. It is a peaceful spot at the foot of the valley. He was one of the gamest lads, and the best shot in our company, and I can't tell you how I miss him." Not many days later Private Dukelow, the man who stuck to his wounded mate, and carried him out of the firing line, was killed also...
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Among those to enlist from Bacchus Marsh this week are included—
Tom Grant and Alf. Fairbank ("Fairy"), both prominent members in local football and cricket circles. T.G. is also in the very front, rank of rifle shots, and is a member of the local Rifle Club, which Club, by the way, has had to lay dormaint for a year or more through the disloyalty (nothing less) of one man placing unnecessary obstacles in the way of the Defence Department. The Club has therefore, missed the opportunity of doing some good work. Tom Grant, not to have his ardor for rifle shooting damped, joined the City of Melbourne Rifle Club.
Patrick Barry (son of Mr. John Barry, of "Lucknow ") was the only recruit to come forward after last Saturday's meeting. He too, is a member of the local Rifle club, also Gun club, and has a reputation for shooting running foxes in the ranges. May he have the opportunity to use his skill in the land of the Turk. Fred Russell, chaffeur to Dr. T. B. Ryan, and, to the late Dr. Noel Vance, for some years.
Tom. Manly, son of Mr. and. Mrs. Thos. Manly, Main street.
Walter Crouch, assistant plumber to Mr. W. Horder, of Grant street.
Henry Hodson Campbell, second eon of Mr. and Mrs. H. G. Campbell, of Bacchus Marsh, will go into Camp on 29th inst. At present he holds a good position in the Postal Department as a Telephone mechanic.
The Railway Department has sent a large number of men. Mr. J. H. Vinning,. booking clerk at the Bacchus Marsh railway station, included amongst them.
Wm. Cook, carpenter at the Darley Brick Co., has joined the ranks. Alf. Fairbank (previously mentioned) is also a moulder employed there.
Frank Pigott, son of Mr. and Mrs. David Pigott, of Werribee Vale, has enlisted.
"Jim" Kennelly, an employe of Mr. T. H. Skene. (now on active service) has followed his master's example.
The Bacchus Marsh Branch A.N.A. now has six of its members on active ervice—Pack. Vallance, Tom. Grant, Jack McPherson, Alf. Fairbank, J. H. Vinning, and Jim. Kennelly. It is pleasing to knowm that the Board of Directors of the Association will pay all fees of members on active service, and thus keep them good on the, books of their respective Branches.
Dr. F. L. Nance, of Bacchus Marsh has offered his professional services to the Defence Department, and is now only waiting to be called upon to proceed to the Front.
Mr. W. L. Elvins of Bacchus Marsh, is now a member of the Dental Corps.
Mr. A. D. Hollyhoke, head teacher from the Myrniong State school, went into Camp this week.
"Jack" Connelly (a Bacchus Marsh native, and son of Mr. Wm. Connelly, Mayor of Maddingley, and until recently proprietor of the Railway hotel there) is now on active service as a member of the Arnmy Service Corps:
Mr. Herb McFarlane, a native of Bacchus Marsh, and son of the late Cr. W. H. McFarlane, has enlisted. He is at present proprietor of a motor garage at Geelong.
Mr. Gerald Little, son of Mr and Mrs. D. A. Little, of Werribee, and formerly of Bacchus Marsh, is amongst those who have volunteered for active service.
J. H. Emmett, who was killed at the Dardanelles a few weeks ago, is a former resident of Bacchus Marsh, and a nephew of Mrs. Joseph Lodge, of Maddingley.
Thos. H. Smith and Gordon T. Smith (cousins) now at the Front, are grandsons of the late Mr. Tom Smith, Pentland Hills. Two sons (Hotham and Harold) of the late Constable Jones, of Bacchus Marsh; and "Jack" Moore, son of Senior constable Moore, one time at Bacchus Marsh, are at the Front. Constable Barrett, of Bacchus Marsh, has three. brothers in the fighting line.
Jack Hehir, son of Mr. "Ted." Hehir, and a grandson of Mrs. Hy. Vallence, sen., who has been on board H.M.A.S. Australia for some time, we believe has been promoted to H.M.A.S. Encounter.
George Gibson Paterson is reported wounded. He is a native of Bacchus Marsh, son of Mr. "Hutch."' Paterson (also a native of B.M.) and a grandson of the late Mr. G. G. Paterson, who carried on business here as a tailor for many years.
Harry Ruddick is one of the most disappointed individuals of the town, he having volunteered no less than five times (twice in one day) for the army, and once for the navy. Defective teeth being the cause of his rejection, otherwise he was com pliented by the examining medical men upon his fitness. He intends to insist upon his enlistment, even if he has togo back to the old country.
"We are fighting for a worthy purpose, and we shall not lay down our arms until that purpose has been achieved"—The King.
The following have responded from Bacchus Marsh and district:—
Wm. Brennan, Jas. Bushby, Isaac Brunt, Raymond Boyd, Patrick Barry.
Frank Crook, Webb Crook, Chas. Crook (one family), Wm. Clark, J. R. Calderwood, W. G. Chippindall, Richard Croton Jas. Cosgrove W. Cook, Henry Hodson Campbell,. Walter Crouch.
Norman David Davidson.
Chas. Edwards, Reginald Evans, Alf. Farrow (wounded), Alf. Fairbank.
Arthur Gladman, R. T. Grant.
Arthur Hine (killed).
Henry Lay, Chas. Lyle, Hugh Lockwood.
Alex. Murdoch (killed), William Morton, Geo. Moore, David Roy Moore, Jas. H. Moore Chas. Arthur Moore (one family), Edward Marsh, Thos. Manly.
Wm. McKenzie, Jas. McGregor, Jno. McPherson.
Thos. O'Leary (killed), James O'Leary, Harry Oliver, Thomas Oliver.
W. Platt, Frank Pigott.
Ivan Russell, Fred. Russell.
T. H. Skene, Norman Smith, Stanley Short.
Colin Todd, Robt. Taylor.
Packington Vallence, J. H. Vinning.
Charles Waterhouse (wounded). Maurice Whelan, Harry Watson.
Balliang—Harold Cashmore, John Cashmore, Archie Cashmore, Wm. Dukelow (killed), Stanley Witham (wounded), Thomas Dodemaide.
Baliaing East—Geo. Davies, J. R. Fullerton.
Coimadai—W. G. Hogg, James Johansen, William Bennett, Archie Clark.
Blackwood—Jim Byrne, J What mough, Ivan Stephens, Alex. Arm strong, Anthony, Cocciardi.
Greendale—Robert Wilson, Robt. Lidgett.
Myrniong—Gordon Graham, Rich ard Meehan, A. D. Hollyhoke.
Enlisted at other places, but parents now or at one time resided at Bacchus. Marsh— Harry Condon (wounded). Wm. Pezet, Jas. Con nell, Hotham Jones, James Usher, M. R. Cuthbertson, William Val lence, Robert John Roy Burbidge, Lawrence Roland Burbidge, George Gibson Paterson (wounded), E. A. Farrow, Jas. Almond, Chas. Wallace, "Jack" Turnour, (wounded), "Jack" Moore, Colin Thomas, George Thomas, Cyril C. Brittlebank, An drew Brittlebank, James Kirkwood, Harold Jones, Frank Findlay, Chas. Clarke, Frederick George McNulty, J. Connelly, H. G. McFarlane, J. H. Emmett (killed), Thos. H. Smith, Gordon T. Smith, Gerald A. Little.
Australian Navy—J. Hehir (H. M.A.S. Australia), Clem. McFarlane (H.M.A.S. Sydney), Edward Oliver (H.M.A.S. Encounter), Wm. Scott (H.M.A.S. Warrego.)
In addition to the above, several more volunteered, some of whom were prevented from proceeding further by their parents and others failed to pass the test.If there are any omissions from the list, or any corrections to be made, those concerned will please send them in.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Additional recruits from Bacchus Marsh:—
W. Todd (son of Colin Todd a well-known shooting idenitity. Colin Todd (a cousin) is now at the Front as a member of the Light Horse. W. Edgerton (son of Mr and Mrs. Edgerton, Maddingley). Tom. Cole (of the. Darley Brick Co., making the third from there—more expected).
Thos. Hawkins, Bacchus Marsh representative of Messrs. McArthur & McLeod, auctioneers of Collins street, Melbourne, has been accepted for active service, and will go into Officers' Training College at Camp on 23rd August.
At the close of the service at Holy Trinity on Sunday evening last, Rev. T. W. Davis made farewell reference to Messrs. A. Fairbank and F. Russell (members of the congregation who are leaving for the Front.
Several employees from the Melbourne depot of the Bacchus Marsh Milk Co. have volunteered. The latest to go is Hugh Bottle, a native of Bacchus Marsh, and a nephew of Mr. Hugh Love, of Maddingley.
Constable "Ted." Morley is now in Camp. He is well-kinown in Bacchus Marsh, having been stationed here for some time; and, was a prominent footballer and cricketer.
The 53rd Australian casualty list contained the name of "Gunner J. Connors, 5th Battery, Field Artillery Bacchus Marsh." He is understood to have been only a casual resident here, add lived for a short time with other members of the family (Mrs. Willis) in Millbank street.
Nurse Ida Saressa Crook, whose professional services have been accepted by the Defence Department, has received notice to be in readiness to proceed to the Front. Nurse Crook is the eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Crook, of Bacchus Marsh, and has had a highly successful career. She was for three years stationed at the Castlemaine General Hospital, after which she passed through the Women's Hospital, Eye and Ear Hospital, and Infectious Diseases Hospital, obtaining certificates at all of them. She is now a member of the Bush Nursing Staff, stationed at Gunbower. Nurse Crook has three brothers at present at the Front.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Additional recruits from Bacchus Marsh:—
Peter Leitch, another employe of the Darley Brick Co. has enlisted, and will go into Camp on Monday next. Wm. Allan, carpenter at the Darley Brick Co., making the fifth from there.
Roy Edwards, son of Mr. and Mrs. Thos. Edwards, Parwan. Another son Charles, is already at the Front, as a member of the Light Horse. The Railway Department has supplied two more David Miller Crowe, assistaint S.M. at Parwan, and a well known footballer; and William Blake, son of Ganger Edward Blake. Thos. Phillips (of railway gatehouse) and. Ted Phillips (Water Commission employe), but no relation, have joined the ranks. Dr. Nance, of Bacchus Marsh, has received orders to proceed to the front. He will be leaving at an early date.
James McDuff Williams, Lieut. in charge of the Salvation Army at Bacchus Marsh, intends to enlist. Jamnes and Jack Wilson (brothers) and grandsons of Mr. and Mrs. Patrick Cannon, of Goodman's Creek, have volunteered, and are now in camp. They lived for a number. of years at Bacchus Marsh. Several more have volunteered from Myrniong, including Leslie Myers, Gilbert Cowan, David Craig, Archie Campbell, and R. Main. The first four go into Camp next week; Main is already there. The residents intend to give the men a send-off before leaving. Most of the Baechus Marsh men who enlisted are at the Seymour Camp.
In the gallant charge which the Australians made at the Dardanelles it was to be expected that many deeds were achieved worthy of the Victoria Cross (the most coveted honor of the battlefield). The first Australian to be officially recognised as the winner of the V.C. is Lance Corporal Jacka, of the 14th. Battalion (Victoria) 4th Australian Infantry Brigade. The hero is only 21 years of age, and his parents reside at Wedderburn, Victoria. Two other brothers are also at the Front. The act of heroism which won Jacka the V.C is reported to be that whilst he and four of his companions were holding portion of a trench against the enemy, seven Turks rushed. the trench, and all save Jacka were killed, who gallantly attacked the the seven himself, and killed five by rifle fire and two with the bayonet. Jaclca has received numerous messages of congratulation, including the Commonwealth and State Government; also £500 and a gold medal from Mr. John Wren, who made the promise of the gift to the first Australian who won the V.C...
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Mr. Ozanne, M.H.R., informs us that he asked that men enlisting from Bacchus Marsh be kept together. The Commandant has now replied that the Camp Commandants have been so instructed to arrange as far as possible.
Charlie Grey, son of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Grey, of Grant street. George Straughen, son of George Straughon, and nephew of Mr. Nat. Straughen, Maddingley. A cousin (F. Straughen) has been wounded.
Harry Ruddick, who failed several times to pass the medical test on account of his teeth, is determined to enlist, as he left on Wednesday last as a fireman on the R.M.S. Orontes to enlist "at home."
Mr. Piers Kelly, Secretary and Engineer to the Shire of Ballan, has enlisted. The Council has granted him leave of absence, and agreed to pay the balance of his salary to his wife, after providing for carrying on Mr. Kelly's work.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Lieut E. J. Ryan, 48th Infantry, second son of Dr. T. B Ryan, J:P., of Bacchus Marsh, has volunteered for active service, and is now in camp at the Officers' School of Instruction, Broadmeadows.
The residents of Parwan gave a send-off to David Miller Crowe, who has been assistant S.M. at Parwan for some time. They presented him with a gold watch chain, and shield, with his initials and inscription thereon. Cr. J. A. Brown made the presentation on behalf of Mr. Crowe's well-wishers.
Mr. Crowe's railway friends (from Melton to Ingliston) also presented him with a silver cigarette case. Mr. Hartley made the presentation. Refreshments and dancing filled in a pleasant evening.
Another send-off will be tendered to J. Cardell, at Parwan, on Satarday evening next, 21st inst.
The Victorian Railway Department has supplied nearly 2,000 men for the Australian Army. Up till Monday last 1879 had enlisted.
D. S. Lindsay went into Camp this week. He is a grandson of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Lindsay, of Bacchus Marsh, and Mrs. J. Brown, of Parwan. He was at one time a pupil at the Parwan school.
Mr. H. H: Blight, Manager Bac chus Marsh Savings Bank has two brothers in the new Australian army —one now in Egypt, the other at Seymour Camp.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Dr. W. B. Ryan, of Bacchus Marsh, has joined the Army Medical Corps Reserve, for home duty at the Military Camps. Dr. Ryan will take up his duties early next week, and will be absent from Bacchus Marsh for about a month. In the meantime, his local practice wilI be attended to by his father, Dr. T. B. Ryan. Colin Todd, jun., has enlisted. He was a member of the Bacchus Marsh detachment, 29th Light Horse; also a member of the local Gun Club. His three cousins (Colin Todd, Colin Thomas, and George Thomas) are at present at the front; while his brother, and another cousin (Jack Watkins) are now in Camp.
James Bourke, of Coimadai, son of the late Cr. James Bourke, has joined Australia's new Army.
Mr. J. Markham, baker, Bacchus Marsh, has three brothers in the Australian Army, one of whom has been fighting in the trenches for over three months, and fortunately so far has escaped injury.
Mr. A. T. Ozanne, M.H.R., has received the following, communication from the military authorities:— "I am directed to inform you, in reply to your letters relative to transferring men living in Goelong and Ballarat districts to those camps, that steps are being taken to do this in all cases where, in the opinion of O.C. Troops, this will not interfere with training."
A mail for the Australian Expeditionary Forces closes in Melbourne at 5 p.m. on Tuesday next, 24th inst.
The list of volunteers from this district will be found on page 4.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT)
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Sutherland were tendered a farewell social by the residents prior to their departure for Footscray, having sold their farm here to. Mr. Norton, of Rockbank. Messrs. Bourke, Whelan, Watson, Williamson, and others, all spoke of Mr. Sutherland as being a good resident who they were all sorry to lose. Mr. Sutherland expressed his thanks for their good will. Refreshments and dancing filled in a pleasant evening. Private Cardell was presented with a smoker's outfit on Saturday last by the members of the Tennis Club, as he had been Secretary of the Club. Mr. Williamson (Vice-President) made the presentation, and, wished Mr. Cardell good luck and safe return on behalf of the members.
At the annual meeting of the Tennis Club Mr. A. Anderson was elected President; Mr. H. William' son; Vice-President; and H. Robins, Hon .Sec. A competition for a trophy will be arranged for shortly.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL
Two more medals were presented to Volunteers W. Allan and Thos. Phillips, who were on leave on Saturday evening last. The ceremony took place in the Bacchus Marsh Shire hall and Mr W. Williams, B.A. local Recruiting Officer, &c., handed over the tokens of goodwill from the residents, and congratulated the young men in coming forward and offering their services in this emergency. Other speakers added their appreciation, and the two soldiers expressed their thanks.
In the 76th Australian casualty list issued this week, amongst the list of wounded appears Pte. W. Vallence, 4th Light Horse. He is a Bacchus Marsh native, but enlisted from Cohuna. His brother, Lieut. Pack. Vallence, is also at the front.
Trooper Maurice Whelan of Parwan, and a member of the Bacchus Marsh Light Horse, has been wounded, whilst fighting at the Dardanelles.
Captain Wm. Alfred, well-known in Bacchus Marsh is now on the Instructional Staff at the Seymour Training Camp.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
The Bacchus Marsh Patriotic Committee presented another medal on Wednesday evening, the recipient this time being Private Tom Grant. The presentation was made by Cr. C. L. T. Alkemade, JP., who referred very nicely to all the good qualities of Private Grant, the sacrifices he was making, and thanked him for going to fight the battles of those who were unable to go to the Front. Rev. B. Williams, Mr. J. A. Johns, Mr. H. H. Blight (two brothers at the Front), Mr. H. G. Campbell (one son on active service), Mr. J. Reddrop (President A.N.A.), Mr. W. R. Vigor (Sec. A.N.A.), Mr. W. D. Hogan. (President Mechanics' Institute), Mr. J. A. Connor, Mr. A. T. Oliver (two sons on active service), Mr. C. L. Crisp (Captain Rifle Club), Mr. F. H. Crook (three sons at the Front), all added their appreciation of Private Grant, of whom one speaker truly remarked, that when the time came he was "one who would play the game, and play it honorably." Private Grant expressed his thanks for the gift and their good wishes. The gathering closed with the National Anthem and cheers.
Trooper W. Morton, a member of the Bacchus Marsh Light Horse (son of Mr. James Morton, Pentland Hills) has been wounded in the fighting at Gallipoli. Private Ivan Russell, of Bacchus Marsh, has also been wounded. Corporal Platt (wounded) has gone on to England.
W. McKenzie, who suffered a sun-stroke, is reported to be returning home.
SOLDIERS' MEDAL FUND.
The Committee acknlowledge with thanks the receipt of donations to fund as follows:—
Cr. W. Grant Morton, J.P., £1/1 /. Simon Bros., loan of motor car for collecting subscriptions; Crisp & Sons, advertising free.
Number of medals to date, 104.
The Bacchus Marsh Patriotic Committee presented another medal on Saturday evening last, the recipient this time being Private Ted. Phillips. The medal was handed over by Cr. W. Williams, B.A., and supported by Rev. T. W. Davis, Q.M.-Sergeant Campbell, and Mr. J. A. Johns. Private Phillips expressed his thanks for the gift. Private Johansen, of Coimadai, was also present, but his medal had been sent on to Coimadai.
The Bacchus Marsh Shire Council decided on Monday last to provide a Roll of Honour for local volunteers. This will be hung in the Shire hall. The matter of design will be, decided by a sub-committee of two Councillors and the local Patriotic Committee.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Mr. Athol Stuart, elddst son of the late Rev. J. A. Stuart, and Mrs. Stuart, who were in charge of the Bacchus Marsh Presbyterian Church for over 20 years, has joined the Austialian Forces for the Front. Mr. Stuart enlisted in West Australia where he has been associated with banking business for some years.
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Seery, Bacchus Marsh have three grandsons in the King's service, they are Private Joseph Tyrrell (wounded) Private William Tyrrell (at the Front) and Thomas Tyrrell, a Senior Gunner on H.M.A.S. Warrego.
Trumpeter Charles Crook (one of three sons, all at the Front, of Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Crook, of Bacchus Marsh) recently in the firing lines at Gallipoli, is now reported seriously ill, and transferred to a London hospital.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Captain Clive. B. Hopkins, recently reported wounded whilst fighting at Gallipoli is a grandson of Mrs. and the late Capt. Cornelius Mahoney J.P., of Bacchus Marsh. Another grandson, Warrant Officer Clem. McFarlane, is a Torpedo Instructor on board H.M.A.S. Sydney, and took part in the capture of the German raider Emden. At present he is cruising on the high seas.
Mr. C. Platt wishes to thank those who so generously donated the medal to his son for his service to King and Country. Mr. Platt also writes that his son is at present an inmate of the "King George Hospital," where there are 1,700 wounded soldiers, mostly Australians, and is slowly improving.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Mrs. Low, of "Broadlands," Bacchus Marsh writes— "Two of my sons have recently joined the Colors, and are now at Royal Park Camp. I would be very pleased to see their names John A. Low and Charles A. Low, in the Bacchus Marsh list of names who have answered the Empire's Call. Their uncle (my youngest brother) was drowned when the H.M.S. Formidable went down."
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Lieut. W. F. W. Shields, 9th K.S.L.I., attached 5th K.S.L.I., son of the late Rev. W. H. Shields, Rector Of Hughley, Shropshire, and Mrs. Shields, Town Walls, was killed in action on Saturday, Sept. 25th. Educated at Ellesmere College, and Keble College, Oxford, Lieut. Shields took his degree in October 1914, on the same day that he got his commission. He was gazetted Lieutenant in December, 1914, and went to the front five weeks before he met his death. He was 22 years of age. Lieut. Shields was born in Bacchus Marsh, and was the eldest son of the late Rev. W. H. Shields, who acted as locum tenens for the late Rev. Montague Williams, during a trip to Europe.
The Bacchus Marsh Patriotic Committee presented another district medal on Saturday last, the recipient being Trooper Fred. Brighton. The presentation was made by Mr. W. Williams, B.A., supported by Messrs. W. J. C. Ashley and J. A. Johns. A suitable response was made.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT)
Deep regret was expressed throughout this district when it became known that Gunner Thomas Rawlinson had succumbed to the terrible epidemic (meningitis) which has accounted for so many of our brave men who had given their services to their country. Gunner Rawlinson was the eldest son of Mr. Thomas Rawlinson, of Coimadai, where he was born about 26 years ago. He was an intelligent lad at school, and developed into a fine specimen of manhood, and about three years ago he was successful in joining the Police Force, and as been stationed in various places in the Camperdown district. About three weeks ago he decided to enlist, and was joined to the10th Battery, 4th Artillery Brigade, and was to have sailed for the front on Thursday last week. On Friday, 12th inst., it was discovered that he was suffering from meningitis, and he was removed to the Alfred Hospital, and his father informed of his serious condition. His death took place on Wednesday morning, and the body was brought to Bacchus Marsh for burial on Thursday.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
As the Messrs. Turnour Bros. were one time residents of Bacchus Marsh, the following paragraph by the Cohuna correspondent of the "Argus" is interesting:—A fine example of patriotism is supplied the Turnour Brothers, well-known and successful dairy farmers of this district. The youngest brother, John, enlisted at the outbreak of war, was twice wounded at Gallipoli and after a recuperative furlough in England, returned to the firing line last month. An elder brother, Keppel, enlisted two months ago, and now the three remaining brothers, Arthur, James, and Donald, have disposed of their valuable dairy herd and decided that two of them shall go and one remain at home to look after the farm. Being unable to agree on this latter point, in the event of all three passing the military tests, they have arranged to draw lots.
Charles Platt jun., of Bacchus Marsh, is off to the Front to fill the vacancy caused by his brother falling to a Turkish bullet. The latter is progressing well on the last report, and should have a worthy successor in the new soldier.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Lieut. E. J. Ryan (son of Dr. T. B. Ryan, J.P., Bacchus Marsh) was presented with the district medal at the Shire Hall on Saturday evening by Mr. W. Williams, B.A., Hon. Sec. to the Patriotic Committee, who wished Lieut. Ryan God speed and a safe return. Messrs. H. G. Campbell, A. T. Oliver, P. F. Emmett, W. E. Ramsey, J. H. Clark, W. Mitchell, W. D. Hogan, and J. A. Johns, added good wishes. Lieut. Ryan thanked the Committee for the gift, and stated that after havinig been kept in Camp as Instructor for seven months—against his wish—he had been promised marching orders for the Front within a few weeks. Dr. T .B. Ryan also made a very stirring patriotic spech in acknowledging the gift to his son.
W. J. Tregoning, A.N.A. Building, bootmaker, has to be added to the "gone to the Front" list. He will go into Camp on 1st Feb.
Notes from Harrie Oliver, son of Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Oliver, of Bacchus Marsh:-
Hospital Boat, 30.11.15 - The doctor thought I was on the verge of a pretty bad breakdown and sent me right away. From the time I set foot on the boat I started to improve. A great storm sprang up just after the boat started, and we had to put in at Embros island (a few miles from Gallipoli) for two days. You cannot realise what this boat is like after three months of dreary, dirty fighting on Gallipoli. I should think it is the nearest approach to Heaven a human is likely to get to on earth (or should I say water.) I came aboard six days ago, scarcely caring whether I lived or died. Dirty, eaten alive with lice and feeling absolutely broken up in every way. I was led down to the ward, with its little double decker cots, spotlessly clean, with snow white sheets. I had a hot bath —the first of any kind for close on three months, most of which was spent underground like a rabbit, so you can guess what state I was in. You most likely have seen pictures of the Australians bathing at Anzac, and wonder why I did not indulge in the luxury but we had strict orders not to go to the beach, under heavy penalties, one being that any man wounded there would receive no pay until he came back to the firing line.
St. Paul's Hospital, Malta, 4.12 15. Arrived here at last; after a lovely journey. I was surprised at the size of the place. Boats of every description in the harbour — French and English cruisers, destroyers, submarines, minesweeping trawlers, and transports were to be seen, most of them being painted and fitted up. It is a lovely sight. The stretcher cases were taken ashore first, and then the walking cases landed. We were put into motor waggons, each holding 20, and off we started for the hospital, a distance of about five miles. There are dozens and dozens of Government workshops all along, and all working at top speed. The roads are beautifully made. Line after line of low fences, made out of white stones heaped up, reached as far as the eye could see. The fields are lovely and green. The houses we passed were all made of white stone, not one wooden house being seen. We at last reached the hospital, after a most interesting drive. St. Paul's consists of dozens of long well-built wooden huts, each called a ward. They are beautifully fitted up inside. Twelve beds on each side, and each man is provided with a locker. My complaint was put down as influenza, so will have to stay in bed for a while. I have sent you a chip containing some Turkish writing, which I cut off a post holding up some overhead trenches called Lonesome Pine, at Anzac which our Company were holding. These trenches were taken from the Turks by our chaps just before we got to the Peninsula.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
The following is from the Queanbeyan "Leader," N.S.W. and refers to a native of Bacchus Marsh, the third son of Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Little of Werribee, previously of Bacchus Marsh:—"Mr. Leo. P. Little, of the Administrative Offices, Canberra, is leaving for Camp to-morrow night. Mr. Little is well known here as an entertainer. In the Department of Home Affairs Mr. Little is recognised as an officer of conspicuous ability. He had only one year before completing his Law degree. Mr. Little's brother Gerald is in the army—a Sergeant in the Engineers. We predict a splendid future for Mr. Little, and the fact that he is severing a valuable office to serve his country must commend him to his numerous friends as a patriotic Australian."
"Bob" Crook, son of Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Crook, of Bacchus Marsh has followed the example of his three brothers, and is about to follow them to the Front
"Cliff" Williams, son of Mr. and Mrs. Williams, of Bacchus Marsh is among the new volunteers.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Private Herbert George (son of Mr. W. George, of Millbank street, Bacchus Marsh) who was twice wounded the Dardanelles, has now recovered, and has been appointed to the Quarter-Master's office, Mudros, Isle of Lemnos, as clerk. His first casualty was at the memorable landing, on April 25th, and his second (after again returning to the front) was caused by the exploding of a Turkish bomb in the trench, portion of which struck him a glancing blow on the forehead, and severed a small artery. Mr. W. George, before retiring, was in charge of the Port Albert Police sub-district, and Collector of Customs there for several years. Mr. George has another son going to the seat of war; and a third, but 18 years of age, anxious and determined to answer his country's call. Several nephews are also in the fighting line, proving the George's are no shirkers.
Ross—Anderson.A military wedding was celebrated on Wednesday, 9th inst., at the Presbyterian Church, Bacchus Marsh, by the Rev. B. Williams, when Miss Christina Anderson, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. Anderson, of Tourello, was married to Lance-Corporal Duncan Alexander Ross, of Parwan. Private Thos. Hawkins (of the Army Medical Corps) acted as best man.
(FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.)
The latest recruit from this district is Mr. J. C. Smyth, who has gone to town to join Camp. The familiar figure of "Charlie" will be much missed on the Coimadai road, as for the last 18 years he has been in the employ of Messrs. Alkemade Bros., in the capacity of teamster, and the firm will lose a highly valued employe. "Charlie" possessed high ideals of honor and integrity, and could be trusted with any part of his employers' business, so that his place will be hard to fill. He carries the good wishes of everyone here, and will be the recipient of the gold medal which it was decided to give to all local recruits.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Sergeant Gerald A. Little, native of Bacchus Marsh, son of Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Little, Werribee, now on Active Service with the Field Engineers, has been promoted to the. rank of Lieutenant. Congratulations from all friends to soldier and parents.
Mr. and Mrs. H. G.Campbell, Bacchus Marsh. have supplied three sons to the Empire's fighting forces. Sergeant Harry Campbell is now on service "somewhere in Egypt"; Private Gordon Campbell is on duty at Royal Park Camp; and the latest recruit is Private. W. A. Campbell, who went into Camp this week as a member of he Flying Corps at Point Cook.
Piivate Harrie Oliver (son of Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Oliver, Bacchus Marsh) who spent three months (including his 18th birtlihday) in the trenches, bas been invalided home, and is expected to arrive next week. Another son, Edward, is serving his country on board H.M.A.S. Encounter, now cruising the high seas.
Mr. E. E. D. Clarke, one of Victoria's best known racehorse owners, and son of the late Sir William Clarke, and brother of Sir Rupert Clarke, has been appointed an Honorary Lieutenant, and he will act as a Remount Officer on transport duty. Lieutenant Clarke is 47 years of age, and at one time he was a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy. Among the horses he has owned are Emir and, Wolawa. He has a stud farm at Melton, near the railway viaduct.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Captain Clive B. Hopkins has been killed in action in France. He was the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. C. W. Hopkins, stationmaster at Hamilton. Mrs. Hopkins is a native of Bacchus Marsh, as she was Miss Julia Mahoney before marrige: the deceased soldier is therefore a grandson of the late Cajpain Cornelius and Mrs. Mahoney, two of our oldest residients, both of whom died recently. Captain Hopkins was only 21 years of age at the time of his death, and one of the youngest officers on the field. He was a student at the Duntroon Military College, N.S.W., he was held in the very highest esteem by his fellow officers. He held the rank of Lieutenant when he enlisted, but was promoted to Captain for gallantry shown in leading his men at the famous landing the Australians made at Gallipoli, where he was wounded, and afterwards suffered an attack of typhoid fever. He recovered from both, and returned to the fighting line, where he met his death in France on 20th July. No particulars, beyond the official cable gram, are yet to hand, but it can be assumed that he was again taking part in a gallant charge with his men at the capture of Pozieres. Captain Hopkins had a brilliant career before him, and was an officer the Empire might well be proud of, and could ill afford to lose. The very deepest sympathy is felt. for his be reavcd parents, and other local relatives.
Lieutenant Harry Lowrie Moffitt, late of Melbourne and Gisborne, who was killed in France on July 19, occupied before enlistment a responsible position with a well known firm of Melbourne accountants. He served at Gallipoli for a short period, but his health breaking down he was invalided shortly before the evacuation. He was recommended to return to Australia, but refused, and ultimately proceeded to France, where he has met a soldier's death. He was the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. L. Moffitt, of Gisborne, and formerly of Werribee.
Samuel L. Huxley has been killed in France. He was a brother of Mrs. James. A. Morton, Grant street, Bacchus Marsh.
Lieut. G. E. Blight has a been wounded in France. He went through the Gallipoli campaign. Another brother is still in the fighting line. Both are brothers of Mr. H. H. Blight, manager of the Bacchus Marsh Savinigs Bank.
Alf. Fairbank (Fairy) a Bacchus Marsh soldier, has been wounded in action in France. He has been transferred to a London hospital. No particulars yet to hand as to his condition.
Tom. Grant and Alf. Fairbank, two prominent and popular members of the Bacchus Marsh Football club, have both been wounded "playing the greater game" —fighting for their Empire on the battlefield.
The Footscray "Independent" reports. that Captain M. Coats of Footscray, was wounded on 22nd July, and is now suffering from a severe gunshot wound in the thigh. We believe this refers to Sergeant Major Coats who used to attend Bacchus Marsh, and instruct the Cadets here, with whom he was most popular, and who will regret that he has fallen.
Maurice Whelan, of Parwan, a member of the Bacchus Marsh Light Horse, who was severely wounded in the leg whilst fighting at Gallipoli, returned home this week. He is able to walk, with the aid of a stick.
George Squires Mitchelson, fourth son of Mr. and Mrs. Mitchelson, until recently of Bacchus Marsh, is now in Seymour Camp.
Syd. Bird, son of Mr. and Mrs. Sam Bird, Balliang, has enlisted in West Australia. His brother Lionel is now on the way to the seat of war.
Two grandsons of the late Cr. Henry McCullagh, of Parwan (H. McCullagh and J. W. McCullagh) are fighting for their country— latter has been wounded.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Mr. W. George, of Bacchus Marsh has received the sad intelligence that his son, Herbert, has been killed in action in France on 25th July. He was twice wounded in Gallipoli, and had been fighting, in France since May. When he enlisted he was, grocery manager for Messrs Walker & Co., Bright, and was native of Dunolly, being 30 years of age when he met his death. Another of Mr. George's sons, Bombardier Harold George, Field Artillery is now training at Maribynong.
The friends of Mrs. J. Cuthbertson will be pleased to learn that her grandson, Sgt. . M. . Cuthbertson who passed through the Gallipoli Campaign, and is now fighting, in France, has been successful in gaining a coummission, and now holds the rank of Lieutenant. His father was a native of Bacchus Marsh and his grandfather an officer in the Prince of Wales' Light Horse, the pride of the Bacchus Marsh district years ago.
Frank Tinker, son of Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Tinker, Bacchus Marsh, has joined the Soldiers of the King. He is at present a. member of the staff at the G.P.O., Sydney.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL
John Hayes, who has been killed in action was a native of Bacchus Marsh, where he has numerous relatives.
Archie Clark (son of Mrs. W. Allan Coimadai) is reported missing.
Richard Croton (known locally as "Dick Mues") has again been wounded in action. He saw service at Gallipoli, where he was also wounded.
Lieut. M. R. Cuthbertson has been wounded in the fighting in France. A cable from him states- "Slight scalp wound; doing well." He has now been 18 months in the firing line.
Henry Arthur Ellis has been wounded in France; after passing through the Gallipoli campaign. He is a grandson of Mrs. Tilly, sen., of Coimadai.
D. Lindsay, who was "out of action" for some time with a shell wound on his shoulder, has now recovered, and returned to duty.
Sergeant-Major John Turnour, son of Ex-Recruiting Sergeant Keppel Turnour, of Cohuna, has been again wounded in France. He previously received severe wounds at Gallipoli and spent four months in hospital in London, having but recently returned to the front. The soldier mentioned was resident at Bacthus Marsh for some years.
Walter Scott Harkness has enlisted. He is a nephew of Mr. W S. Harkness, J.P., and grandson of Mrs. W. Anderson, Bacchus Marsh.
Sergeant Lionel B. Thompson, and his twin brother, Sergeant Reginald Thompson, have gained commissions in France. The first-named is a son-in-law of Mr. D. Griffin, station master at Parwan.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Private James Kennelly has been killed in action in France. He was an emnploye of Mr. T. H. Skene (who is also on active service) at the Bullengarook estate. Private Kennelly was a member of the Bacchus Marsh branch of the ANA. His mother. resides at Port Melbourne.
Gordon Medling has been wounded in action in France. He is the second son of Mr. Charles Medling, storekeeper, of Bacchus Marsh. W. Edgerton has been wounded in France. He is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Edgerton, Grant street, Bacchus Marsh.
J. L. Keddell, telegraphist at the Bacchus Marsh post-office has enlisted, and will probably leave his duties here next week.
Frank Dodemnaide, of Balliang, has enlisted. His brother Thomas is already at the Front. Both are sons of Mr. William Dodemaide, Balliang.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Congratulations were recently exfended to Mrs. J. Cuthbertson, of Albert Park on the promotion of her grandson to thie rank of Lieutenant. Further congratulations are now extended, owing to the fact that the same soldier (Lieutenant Melville R. Cuthbertson) has won further honors on the battlefield by being awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal. He is at present in a hospital in London; suffering from a scalp wound. As previously mentioned, Lieut. Cuthbertson's late father was a native of Bacchus Marsh.
Tom. Grant, of ''Millbank," is reported wounded. for the second time, whilst doing duty in France. William McKenzie, of Bacchus Marsh is reported severely wounded in action in France.
"Ted" Morley, well-known at Bacchus Marsh, where he was stationed for some time as a Police officer, and a playing member of the local football and cricket clubs, is unfortunately on the "missing" list, in France.
H. Watson, who was wounded at the Gallipoli landing, has sailed again for the Front.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Another Bacchus Marsh soldier has laid down his life for his King and country. Word came this week that Private Fred. Russell had been killed in action in France. He was well-known locally as chauffeur to the late Dr. Vance, and held a similar position with Dr. T. B. Ryan when he enlisted. Private Russell was a member of the Bacchus Marsh Fire Brigade and A.N.A. He was 24 years of age, and much sympathy is naturally felt for his relatives.
A grandson of the late Cr. Henry McCullagh, of Parwan, is reported to have died of wounds received in action in France.
Corporal W. R. Cook, formerly carpenter at the Darley Brick Kilns, is reported wounded.
Captain Welch (son of Rev. and Mrs Mrs. E. J. Welch, Ballan) has been killed in France. He was a doctor, and doing yeoman service in the front lines.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Private James Hogg Moore, son of Mr. and Mrs. C. Moore, of Broadlands Estate, Bacchus Marsh, has won the Military Medal for Valour in France. Pte. Moore was fighting on the Gallipoli Peninsula for six weeks, when he was taken ill, and sent back to Egypt,where he remained till August. He was then sent to England, and he is now in France. Three other brothers are at the Front. Pte. W. Young, nep-hew of Mrs. Moore, was killed at Lone Pine on 7th August, 1915, and now Sgt. F. H. Young has died of wounds received in Action on 31st August, 1916. He was two years a soldier, and was in the R.A.F.A. prior to enlisting.
Lieut. Tyers has been selected to Flying School for Service Abroad. His duties begin at Point Cook on 1st Nov. He is the only son of Mr. and Mrs. A. MacKenzie Tyers, of Bacchus Marsh.
George Bence is included on this Roll
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Sidney James Osborne is reported killed in action. He was a native of Bacchus Marsh, but enlisted in Sydney. For special work on the field he was promoted three times, and held the rank of Sergeant at the time of his death. He was only 22 years of age, and leaves a wife and child.
Sapper A. N. A. O'Hara, son of Mr. A. B. O'Hara, Coimadai State school, who recently joined the A.I.F., has been drafted into the Wireless Corps, and is now under going training at the Wireless School of Instruction, in Sydney. Signaller Frank Tinker, son of Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Tinker, Bacchus Marsh, is attached to the same Corps.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
William Johnston has been killed in Action in Belgium. He was a native of Bacchus Marsh, being a son of Mr. and Mrs. Paul Johnston, who are still residents here. The deceased, unfortunately, had a short career as a soldier, as he only sailed in April last. He leaves a widow and six children.
Another Bacchus Marsh native has given his life for his country, in Private Hugh Bottle, who is reported killed in Action, believed to be in Belgium. He was a son of Mr. and the late Mrs. Joseph Bottle, and had been in the employ of the Bacchus Marsh Concentrated Milk Company for some years. Private Thos. Monks, of Ballan, has been killed in Action in France. He was 23 years of age, and the eldest son of Mr. "Joe" Monks, wellknown in Bacchus Marsh as Messrs. Gunsser's distributing agent. Another son is at the Front, and reported missing.
On Active Service.
Johnston.–Killed in Action, Nov. 12th 1916, Private William Johnston, dearly loved husband of May Johnston, of Officer, loving father of Madge, late Ethel, Willie, May, Walter, Elsie, and baby Ida ; loved son of Paul and Susanna Johnston, Bacchus Marsh. Aged 48 years.
No selfish thoughts,
No need Exemption Courts,
For men, they play the game.
In the little Homes Where Daddy is not to-night.
So many died fighting in Flanders For God, for you, and the right.
One of the oldest residents of Bacchus Marsh, Mrs. Elizabeth Hawkins, passed away at her residesce, "Sunnyside," on, Wednesday last, 10th inst, aged 72 years. Born at London, England, she, came with her parents to Australia in 1854, in the sailing vessel "Ontario," and after a rough voyage of six months landed in Melbourne. She was married at St. Paul's church. Melbourne, on July 12th, 1860. With her late husband, she engaged in farming in different parts of the district, and since his death, 15 years ago, had lived privately. Mrs. Hawkins was a resident of 63 years, and reared a family of 12 children, of whom three sons and five daughters survive; also 20 grand-children. Her youngest son, Tom, is now on Active Service abroad; also one grandson (Fred., son of late W. Hawkins). The funeral took place on Friday.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
W. C. Booth, son of Mr. William Booth, Rowsley, has joined the King's Army—his brother Thomas is already there. The little village of Rowsley has an excellent record, having supplied no less than 17 soldiers to the ranks.
Mrs. Harry Symington, Bacchus Marsh, was officially informed this week that her husband had been accidentally wounded whilst on parade, and had his ankle fractured. He had previously been in action in France. He is now in hospital in London.
Piper Ivan Russell, of Bacchus Marsh (who was twice wounded in Action), recently had the honor of being one of nine Australians chosen to play before their Majesties the King and Queen; he also played in the Lord Mayor's procession in London. An invitation to again play before Royalty at Christmas time had to be declined on account of his brother Fred. having been killed in Action.
TIH EMPIRE'S CALL.
All doubt as to the fate of Lieutenant Fred. Simpson, who had previously been reported "missing," has now been settled, as an official notice received on Thursday last states that he was killed on 29th December last. This sad news is also confirmed by a private cable from one of his comrades at the Front. The late Lieut. Simpson was the second son of Mr. and Mrs. John Simpson, Bacchus Marsh—one of the oldest families in the district. He was a pupil of the Bacchus Marsh State school, after which he attended the Continuation School in Melbourne for two years, and was appointed to the staff of the North Carlton school, where he taught for a short time. Lieut. Simpson then decided to follow, the Law course, and obtained 12 months' leave, and entered the Crown Law Department, and was in the Attorney General's office for some time, and afterwards transferred to the Library Departmeant. In his spare time he studied, and attended the night classes at the University. He was just preparing for his Law Examination when he enlisted two years ago. Having been in the Yarra Borderers for some time doing military work, he soon gained the rank of 2nd Lieutenant, and was placed on the Instructional Staff, where he would have been retained, but his ambition was to get to the Front, so he resigned, and joined the ranks as a Private, in order to get away. In a few weeks he was made a Sergeant, and sailed for England on 6th June last, where he arrived in July, and entered the N.C. Officers' School of Instruction, and gained his commission as Lieutenant. He sailed for France on 24th November, as a Bombing Officer, and was killed there on 29th Dec. Lieut. Simpson was only 21 years of age, and had a brilliant career in Law before him. He was a manly Australian, and has given his life for his King and Country. The sympathy of all goes out to his relatives.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
The death is reported of Acting-Lieutenant Percy Osborne, whist on Active Service, he having died of illness in a Military Hospital in England on 2nd inst. He was a native of Bacchus Marsh, being the only son of the late Mr. Alfred G. Osborne, who conducted the Hall of Commerce drapery business here for some years, but afterwards went into the newspaper proprietor business at Maryborough, where he died. Lieut. Osborne was also a grandson of the late Mr. and Mrs. Drury, old and respected residents of Mount Blackwood. He was only in his 23rd year, was educated at the Church of England Grammar School, and prior to enlisting was ledger-keeper at the Ballarat branch of the Union Bank.
"Wally" McCullagh, grandson of the late Mr. and Mrs. Harry MacCullagh, of Parwan, has been killed in Action. He is a son of "Jack" McCullagh.
Private Richard K. Barry (son of Mr. J. J. Barry, Maddingley) has been wounded in Action in France. Two other brothers are still at the Front. Private Tom. Hawkins, of Bacchus Marsh, who is attached to the Army Medical Corps, is expected to arrive home next week. He tried to get home to see his mother but unfortunately she died before his arrival. He has been on duty for the last 18 months, and will probably be returning to the Front with the next transport.
It is stated that Mrs. A. T. Ozanne wife of Quartermaster Sergeant Ozanne, M.H.R. for Corio, has received information which refutes the rumour that her husband, has been invalided home from the front. She states that Quartermaster-Sergeant Ozanne became ill, and was confined to a hospital in England for some time, but subsequently returned to the front.
Lieut. Russell Clarke, M.L.C., was tendered a farewell at Sunbury on Saturday evening, prior to his departure for the Front.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Still another Bacchus Marsh soldier has paid the supreme sacrifice, fighting for his country. The district learnt with regret this week of the death of Private Alfred G. Slack, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Slack, who was killed in Action in France on 1st inst. Private Slack was a native of the district, 22 years of age; he enlisted in May last, and left Australia in July. He has been in the firing line for the last four months, and letters received from him this week show that he had been doing hard work, and that he had some narrow escapes from bursting shells. It is surmised that it was in this way he met his death as no particulars are yet to hand. The sympathy of all is extended to the relatives.
George Squire Mitchelson, another native of Bacchus Marsh, has given his life for his country. He was. killed in Action in France on 27th February. The young man was 22 years of age, and the fourth son of Mr. and Mrs. Mitchelson, who resided in Bacchus Marsh for numbet of years, but recently removed to North Williamstown. Private Michelson was most anxious to enlist, as after being rejected three times in N.S.W., he was successfuli on the fourth attempt when he came back to Victoria, and passed at Rushworth. Sympathy of all extended to the family, who have another son, William, still in the firing line.
Mystery still surrounds the death of Lieut. Fred. Simpson, of Bacchus Marsh. He was on the "missing" list for some time, then officially reported killed in action, and it is now corrected to that he was accdentally drowned. One of his friends has written to say, that he went "exploring," and was never seen again.
Captain F. L. Nance is due to arrive from the Front next week, having been invalided home through illness. Prior to his departure for Active Service abroad, Dr. Nance followed his profession at Bacchus Marsh.
Mr. D. A. Little, Shire Engineer, Werribee, has received advice that his son, Leo, who is in the firing line at the French front, has gained his Commission as Lieutenant. Another son, Lieutenant Gerald Little, is also in France. Both officers, who are natives of Bacchus Marsh, have been through some stiff fights.
James R. Bennett, son of Mr. and Mrs. James Bennett, of Bacchus Marsh, who has been in the firing line in France since Nov. last, has been successful in gaining his Commission as Lieutenant. Before enlisting, Lieut. Bennett, who is only 23 years of age, held a good position on the Teachling staff of the Education Department. He is an excellent rifle shot, and won a £2/2 prize in a shooting competition at Salisbury Plain, prior to embarking, for France.
"Jim" Bennett, when writing to his parents from France, mentioned that W. J. Tregoning, a Bacchus Marsh soldier, was suffering so severely from "trench feet" that it was feared one foot would have to be amputated. It is to be hoped that this will not be necessary.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Mrs. Tom Skene is now in France (says "Punch") in attendance on her husband, who was badly wouned a short time ago, and had to be invalided home. Unfortunately, he went back too soon, which brought on a severe relapse, from which he is now suffering a recovery in the military hospital for officers in Boulogne. Her son, little Simon, is at school in England.
Dr. F. L. Nance returned to Australia this week, from Active Service abroad.
New volunteer from Bacchus Marsh—W. H. Nolan.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Mrs. R. Lay, of Werribee, has received word that her son, Sergt. F. H. Lay (Barney) has been wounded in France. He enlisted at Bacchus Marsh, and left with the 14th Batlallon, 2nd Contingent, and was present at the landing and evacuation of Gallipoli. Two of his brothers are also serving their country. Private Ronald Lay is at present in England, and Private Norman Lay is in the Artillery, in Camp. Mrs. Lay's son inlaw (G. W. Smart) was killed during the battle at Lone Pine.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Lieut. Leo. Little, son of Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Little, Werribee (previously of Bacchus Marsh) has been admitted to hospital in France suffering from the effects of gas. His brother Lieut. Gerald Little, was recently reported wounded. Both are natives of Bacchus Marsh.
Nurse Kathleen Rogers has gone to the Front, on Active Service. Miss Rogers is well known in Bacchus Marsh, and old-time pupils of St. Bernard's School, then in Fisken street will remember her as giving them the rudiments of their education, where she acted as a teacher for some time.
At their last meeting, the Directors of the National Bank of Australia voted £100 to Lieutenant, Rupert T. V. Moon who has been awarded the Victoria Cross in France. Lieutenant Moon was born in Bacchus Marsh and before enlisting, was employed in the Maffra branch of the bank. He is the son of Mr. Arthur Moon, of Lambert road, Toorak, an Inspector of the Bank. Branches of the bank have been informed by circular of the distinction conferred on Lieutenant Moon, and of the £100 granted to him in recognition of the honors won by him on active service.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Reginald Evans, a Bacchus Marsh soldier, is expected to arrive home within the next day or two, after three years' Active Service. He was an employe of Messrs. Miller Bros., at Broadlands Estate.
A private cable from England states that Lance Corporal, Tom Grant (reported missing since Aprill 11th) is a prisoner in Germany. This information has not been officially confirmed.
The following six. sons of Mrs. A. Sutton, and the late Mr. H. Sutton, and grandsons of the late Mr. D. and Mrs. Aird (who lived at Bacchus Marsh from the 50's to the early 60's) are on Active Service:— William Henry Sutton, John Daniel Sutton, George Hafferford Sutton, Albert Edward Sutton, Victor Emanuel Sutton, Hugh Roy Sutton.
Honor to whom Honor is Due!
WEDNESDAY, July 25.
WEDNESDAY, July 25.
At 8 p.m.
A PUBLIC WELCOME will be tendered to following Soldiers who Volunteered for Active Service Abroad, and have now returned home:— F. L. Nance, Pte. Thomas Hawkins, Pte. Chas. Lyle, Pte. A. Farrow, Pte. H. Condon, Pte. R. Coates, Pte. Cashmore, Sergt. G. Graham, Pte. R. Evans, Pte. M. Whelan, Pte. W. Platt.
Collection at door to defray expenses.
A. T. OLIVER, Hon. Sec.
Letters of thanks received:— Mrs. Taylor, Misses Nora Cosgrove, Ruby Wells for parcel sent to the late Pte. A. Slack, and distributed by his comrade. Miss Elsie Manly through Cpl. W. Morton's parcel. Miss Una Williams from Trooper Colin Todd, for socks sent in L.Cpl. W. McKenzie's parcel.
Miss Florrie Holt has received a letter of thanks from Pte J. Main, who had received socks through Bacchus Marsh; the writer said he was born at Myrniong. Miss Daisy Burbidge also received a letter acknowledging socks. The Hon. Sec. received letter from Captain Ivan Dunant, 23rd [Dimant, 2nd] Pioneer Battalion, saying the late Pte A. Slack's parcel had been handed to his comrade, who had distributed the socks among the lads of his platoon, and were much appreciated by them. A letter was also received from the comrade (Pte. Maurice Quinn), acknowledging the parcel.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
More honor for Bacchus Marsh soldiers—The Military Cross won by Captain T. C. E. Godfrey. Enlisting in April, 1915, in the 24th Battalion, A.I.F., Captain Godfrey left Australia the following month, as a 2nd Lieutenant. He took. part in the Gallipoli campaign, where he gained the rank of Lieutenant. After the evacuation he went to France, and was there promoted to Captain. He was at the taking of Bapaume; and has been awarded the Military Cross for splendid courage and coolness displayed in continuing to lead a charge under shell fire. Captain Godfrey, who is only 25 years of age, is the only child of Mrs. Godfrey, of East Melbourne, and a grandson of the late Mr. Thomas Gaynor, of Park View, Bacchus Marsh. He was educated at Xavier College, Kew and after passing the Junior Public Examination, followed a commercial occupation in the city. At the time of enlisting, he was 2nd Lieutenant in the 63rd Infantry Regiment, Citizen Forces. Although on Active Service for over two years, Captain Godfrey his not been out of the ranks illness or wounds since he left Australia.
Driver R. J Black is reported killed in Action on 31st July. He was one of the original Anzacs with 1,000 days service. His parents reside at Melton.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
A heavy toll is being paid by local soldiers, as several deaths in Action have been reported this month, at which keen regret is felt by all.
John Henderson Campbell, reported killed in France on 26th Sept., was the youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. John Campbell, of Pentland Hills, and 22 years of age. For five years he was a member of the National Bank staff, and his last appointment was at Smeaton. Private Campbell enlisted in Sept. last year, and had been in the firing line in France since July of this year.
James Henry Edgerton is officially reported to have died of wounds on 5th October, after being in the firing line since 12th Nov. last, during which time he passed through some severe engagements. He enlisted in March, 1916. Gunner Edgerton was the second son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Edgerton, of Grant street, Bacchus Marsh. Another son, William, has been wounded, after' two years service to his credit.
Cyril Francis Ramsey (popularly known as Frank) is reported killed in Action on 2nd October. It is just 12 months since he enlisted (25th Oct., 1916); and he left Australia in February of this year as a Gunner in the Artillery. By recent letters received from him it is believed that he was only in France five weeks. Before enlisting he was an officer of the Commercial Bank, and was recently stationed at the Werribee bank, and later on at Rainbow. Gunner Ramsey was only 22 years of age, and a native of Bacchus Marsh, being the eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. George F. Ramsay, for whom the very deepest sympathy is felt in their double loss.
Albert Joseph Buckley, who is reported to have died of wounds in France on 28th Sept., was a son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Buckley, of Glenmore, who have now suffered the loss of two sons in a short space of time. The late Private Buckley never resided here, but enlisted from N.S.W., and has been on Active Service for 18 months, during which time he had never been out of the ranks through illness or wounds. He was a native of Colac, and educated in St. Joseph's College there.
Alfred Joseph Bromley, reported killed in Action on 25th Sept., after 18 months' Active Service, was a native of Ballarat, but resided in Bacchus Marsh for seven years. He was the eldest son of the late Mr. Joseph Bromley,an exemplary licensee of the Courthouse hotel, Bacchus Marsh, for some years, and afterwards at Ballan. The mother of the lost soldier now resides at Geelong.
Roll of Honour
CAPTAIN T. C. E. GODFREY,
M.C. KILLED IN ACTION.
The news that Captain T. C. E. Godfrey, M.C., has been killed in action brings general regret to his many friends, who so recently re- joiced at his having won the Military, Cross. Captain Godfrey was the only child of Madame Godfrey, of East Melbourne, and grandson of the late Mr. Michael Gaynor, of "Park View," Bacchus Marsh. He was educated, at Xavier College, and, although, only 25 years of age, had been on continuous active service for over 2½ years. Enlisting in April, 1915, he left Australia with the 24th Battalion the following month. He took part in the Gallipoli campaign, and after the evacuation went to France. He was there awarded the Military Cross for splendid courage and coolness displayed in continuing to lead a charge under heavy shell fire at Bapaume. He was killed in action in France on October 4th. R.I.P.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Fred. Caspar is reported to have died of wounds received whilst on Active Service. He was a son of Mr. Frank Caspar, timber merchant and sawmiller, of Bacchus Marsh, and previously of Bullengarook. The late soldier was 31 years of age, a native of East Trentham, and a fine stamp of Australian manhood, being a well known bicycle rider, &c. He was a, member of the Victorian Police, and had been stationed at Kyabram and Sea Lake, from which place he enlisted on 19th Nov., 1915.
It is said that misfortunes never come singly. This apples in a most painful manner to Mr. and Mrs. C. McRae, of Bacchus Marsh, who have just been officially in formed that their youngest son, Eric D., has been killed in Action. Only last week their daughter (Mrs. T. F. Caspar) met her death through a driving accident; then the husband's brother (Fred. Caspar) was reported killed in Action this week; followed now by the death of their own soldier son. Two. other sons are still serving their country. Much sympathy is naturally felt for the parents in their treble calamity.
Reginald L. Unger, is reported. killed in Action, after 15 months service. During that time he had previously been severely wounded, and was "marked" for home, but was sent back to the fing line. He was the only brother of Mrs. C. Churches, Lerderderg street, Bacchus Marsh.
Charles L. Lyle, who was one of the early volunteers to assist his country in the present war, died of illness in Melbourne on Wednesday last. He was a son of Mr. W. Lyle J. P., Bacchus Marsh.
Lieut. A. D. Hollyhoke, formerly H.T. at. Morning State school, is reported to have been severely wounded in the right forearm, whilst in Action.
Corporal Frank Crook, A.A.F., has been wounded and "gassed," and sent to England, He had previously been wounded He is one of the original Anzacs, and one of the four fighting sons of Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Crook, Manor House, Bachus[sic] Marsh.
Percy Moffatt, son of Mr. and Mrs. H. Moffatt, Bacchus Marsh, has been wounded in Action.
Robert J. Kerr, son of Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Kerr, Rowsley, is reported wounded in Action.
W G E Davis, son of Rev and Mrs. T. Davis, Bacchus Marsh, is reported wounded in, Action. Ben Gould is reported wounded in Action.
Harry Schulze is reported severely wounded in the chest when in Action. He is the second son of Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Schulze, formerly Head Teacher of the State Schools at Deep Creek and Metropolitan Farm.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Although it was generally known a fortnight ago that Cliff Williams had died of wounds received in Action, the sad news was not released for publication, in order that his brother Ken., who was in the midst of severe examinations at the Melbourne University; should not have his studies interrupted. The whole district extends its deepest sympathy to the parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. Williams, now of Hamilton, but until recently of Bacchus Marsh, where Mr. Williams was Head Teacher of the local State school for 7½ years. Private Clifford Davies Williams, who died of wounds in Belgium on 1st October, was 25 years of age, and an old Wesley College boy. Gaining a Scholarship, he attended Zercho's Business College. At the time of enlisting, he was clerk in the correspondence branch of the New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Agency Company, Collins street, Melbourne. Showing adaptability for the military calling, he was appointed to a non-commissioned officiers' school, and afterwards proceeded to Duntroon as a Sergeant. He qualified for a Commission but as conscription was not carried, he was one of those Duntroon Sergeants whose stripes were in consequence cancelled. The controversy that was caused at the time is well known. Private Williams was on the ill-fated, troopship Ballarat, as Acting Sergeant, when she was torpedoed. The opportunity was extended him at Salisbury to wait for nomination to a military Cadetship at Oxford, but he preferred to go to the Front. He was only some three weeks in France and Belgium when his death occurred. Since the receipt of the sad news, letters have been received from him up to the 27th Sept., most cheerful, bearing testimony to the excellent quality of food supplied the men and the general comfort of the rest camp. But he stated that, with the rest of the company, he had been in the lines four nights without sleep, and had had such escapes as made him a confirmed fatalist. Yet as he wrote the boys were playing cricket, the weather being mild, all nature around beautiftul, while big guns were pounding at one another in the distance. A duty he said he had to discharge was to write to the mother of one of his "pals" who had fallen. On 27th Sept., Private Williams stated in a few days, he would again be in the lines :on the 1st Oct. he died of wounds.
Pte. William Bourke, son of Mrs. M. E. Bourke, Darley, has been seriously wounded in right thigh. He has been nearly two years on duty.
Mrs. W. H. Symington of Bacchus Marsh, has been informed that her, husband has received serious gunshot wounds in the right shoulder. In January last this soldier had the misfortune to fracture one of his ankles, whilst engaged in exercise. This set him aside for six months; but since that time he has been engaged with pack horses transporting food to the front lines.
The Sunbury "News" says that Mrs. Russell Clarke received a cable some days ago from Lieut. the Hon. Russell Clarke, M.L.C. stating that he had been in the gassed zone, which had affected his health, necessitating his admission to hospital, but that he had completely recovred.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Roy Emmett is reported wounded in the left leg, and is now an inmate of Woolwich Hospital, England and getting on well. He is the only son of Mr. and Mrs. P. F. Emmett, Na-tional Bank, Bacchus Marsh.
Wilfred G. E. Davis, who was severely wounded in the chest and right hand on 4th Oct., is now in the Edmonton Military Hospital England, and getting on well. He writes that on Oct. 4th the Germans were surrendering in hundreds. After he was wounded he was carried by German prisoners, with five other wounded soldiers, in single file for a mile. The five others were killed by a shell, which bruised his shoulder in addition to his other wounds. He speaks well of the Hospital arrangements, and the care and attention paid to the patients,
New volunteers from Bacchus Marsh—Alf. F. Anderson and Albert Woodward.
Lieut. Leo P. Little has been awarded the Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry in France. He is a native of Bacchus Marsh and a son of Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Little formerly of Bacchus Marsh but now of Werribee. Hearty congratulations are extended by all to the young soldier and his parents. Another son, Lieut. Gerald Little has been in hospital in London, where he was operated on for severe shrapnel wounds in the back. A cable from him states that he was "getting on O.K.", and expected to return to the front again soon
Bombardier Harold George, who was severely wounded by a shell explosion in France, has unfortunately had to have his leg amputated, he is going on well. He writes cheer fully, and says he does not "grouse" one bit, so his father must not. He will be fitted up with one of the new artificial limbs, which are scarcely discernible from the real ones. Before enlisting, he was employed in the Railway Audit Office and on his return will probably resume his situation there, which is kept open for him. This soldier is the youngest son of Mr. William George, Bacchus Marsh, whose other son, Herbert, was killed at the taking of Pozieres, in July, 1916.
News has been received of the death of Private James Johansen, of Coimadai, in No. 6 British Red Cross Hospital, from meningitis. He enlisted on 26th June, 1915, and embarked on 16th Nov, 1915. After serving some months in Egypt, he went to France, and was wounded in the thigh on 6th March 1916, at the Somme. After three months in hospital, he returned to the firing line and was again wounded in the head by shrapnel at Pozieres, on July 19th. On recovery he again returned to the trenches, and remained there till Feb., 1917, when he was taken to No. 26 General London hospital, suffering severely from trench feet. After five months' treatment (during which it was thought that operations would be necessary) he ultimately recovered, and spent a fortnight well deserved rest in Scotland. He rejoined his Unit on 26th June, 1917, and had, been fighting up to the time of his death on 24th of last month. Pte. Johansen was a native of Coimadai, youngest son of the late Adolph and M. Johansen, who were old residents. He was a manly young fellow, and a type from which the best soldiers are made. His ardent desire while in training was to fit himself for the work before him, and his whole-souled wish to do his bit for his country was admired by all his friends here. His brother, John, is still fighting at the Front, while his elder brother, Wm., has on several occasions tried to enlist, but has been rejected each time. General regret was expressed on all sides when the news of his death was received, as "Jimmy's" return was looked forward to in anticipation of interesting stories and reminisences of the Great War.
SOLDIER WINS MILITARY MEDAL
Cpl William Vallence of Bacchus Marsh who won the Military Medal some time ago, has sent the following official note to his relatives -
Medal won on 24th November, 1917, for bravery and devotion to duty. With his Hotchkiss gun during heavy shelling of the enemy, a shell put his gun out oaction. and although partially stunned and badly shaken he refused to retire and again got his gun into action and commenced firing at enemy aeroplanes until they were driven out of range.
The marriage of Lieut. J. R. Bennett, eldest son of Mr. and Mrs. James Bennett, of Bacchus Marsh, and Miss Muriel Bence, youngest daughter of Mrs. C. J. Bence and the late Mr. Richard Bence, was celebrated at Holy Trinity Church, Bacchus Marsh on Monday, 15th inst. The Church was nicely decorated by Mrs. L. Dubout and Miss West, friends of the bride and bridegroom. Rev. T. Wakelin Davis officiated and Miss Davis played the Wedding March. The bride (who was given away by her brother, Mr. R. Bence) wore a frock of white creipe-de-chene, trimmed with flesh pink ninon, tulle veil, arranged cap fashion, over a wreath of orange blossom, and carried a sheaf bouquet of white roses and asparagus fern. The bridesmaid was Miss Violet Bence (niece) who wore a frock of' white: crepe-de-chene, with fancy stitching of blue and pink; picture hat; of black velvet and carrried a bouquet of pink La France roses.
The bridegroom who only recently returned from two years' Active Service, was attended his friend, Sergeant C. Cameron, of Rushworth, and both wore their uniforms and Battalion colors, which every returned man cherishes. Other soldier friends were also present at the ceremony.
After the usual wedding repast, the happy couple left per motor enroute for Healesville. Mr. and Mrs. Bennett will reside at Stawell, as Lieut. Bennett has charge of the Sloyd centre at the Stawell High School.
The large number of presents included: Bridegroom to bride, wolf furs; Bride to bridegroom, silver cigarette case. Bridegroom to brides- maid, gold locket. Mother of bride, household linen, silver and cutlery. Father and mother of bridegroom, cheque. Mr. W. Edwards (uncle of bridegroom) gold watch and gold hand bag. Mrs. Edwards. (grand-mother of bridegroom) gold watch-chain and vases. Miss F. Bence, silver afternoon tea service and silver cruet. Mrs. M. Bond, cheque. Messrs. T. and J. Bence, cheque. Mr. James Bence; cushions. Miss Violet Bence, jardiniere. Mr. and Mrs. R. Bence, vases. Mrs. J. Cargill, cheque. Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Grant, "Millbank," jardiniere. Mr. and. Mrs. J, A. Connor, silver egg cruet. Mr. Mort Grant, casserole in silver stand. Messrs. W. P. and A. J. Grant, cheque. Miss.N. Mac- Lachlan, salad bowl. Miss E. Roscrow, vase. Mr. and Mrs. F. Thompkins, sen., silver cake basket, and silver and ruby sugar basin Mr. and Mrs. F. Thompkins, jun., afternoon tea set: and silver afternoon tea spoons. Mr. and Mrs. A. Shaw, silver jelly dish. Miss J. Campbell, silver jelly spoon. Sgt. C. Cameron, silver and glass jam dish. Mr. W. Bence, copper jardiniere. Mrs. H. S. Jones, silver shaving mug and brushes. Misses Ingles, case for cutlery. Miss Dean (Armidale) linen tray cloth and d'oyleys. Misses G. F. & B.W. Anderson, sweet dish. Miss B. Delahey; water jug and glasses. Miss Delahey, silver serviette rings. Mrs. W. Davey (Kerang) cheque. Mr. G. Anderson (Hay) cheque. Mr. and Mrs. Fitzgibbon (Briagolong) cheque. Miss Doris Bence, prayer book. Mrs. Arms (aunt of bridegroom) silver-mounted butter dish. Mrs. Basham (Melbourne) copper hot water kettle. Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Ford, jardiniere and vases. Mr. and Mrs. L. Duboiut, silver-mounted salt, pepper and mustard shakers.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Company Sergeant-Major John Stanley Short is reported killed in Action in France, after 2½ years' Active Service. He was 23 years of age, and a son of Mrs. Short, Gisborne, who also has three other sons on Active Service, two of whom (Lindsay and Victor) have been wounded. The late Stan. Short was a true type of Australian soldier, and worked his way up well in the ranks. He was well-known at Bacchus Marsh, having served his apprenticeship and remained for five years with Mr. H. Moffatt, coachsmith.
On Active Service.
SHORT.—Offcially reported killed in Action in France, 5th April, 1918, after 2 years 7 months' Active Service, 2,684. Company Sergeant-Major John Stanley Short, 57th Battalion (late 5th), third loving son of Lily and the late John Short, Gisborne, loved brother of Robert, Lindsay, Victor, (all on Active Service), Hazel, and stepbrother of Mrs. Ward, aged 28 years and 7 months.
Dearly loved and sadly missed.
SHORT.—In loving memory of our dear friend, Company St. Major J. S. Short (Stanley) killed in Action, in France, April 6th, 1918.
There is a link death cannot sever—
Sweet remembrance lasts forever.
By his friends, Maidie and Mabel Edwards, Bacchus Marsh.
SHORT.—Sergeant-Major Short, officially reported killed in France, April 5th, 1918, youngest son Mrs. L. and late J. Short, Gisborne.
I do not forget you, nor do I intend;
I think of you always, and will to the end.
Years may pass away, but fresh into my mind
Is our dear, brave hero, so good and kind.
Inserted by Mrs. J. Cosgrove, Bacchus Marsh.
Mrs. James Doherty, a resident of Bacchus Marsh for 60 years, died on Monday last, aged 90 years. Born at Moville County Donegal, Ireland. Mrs. Doherty was married at the same place in 1853, and three years later sailed for Australia in "The Bee." The voyage occupied five months, and Mr. and Mrs. Doherty landed at Goelong on New Year's Day, 1857, where they remained for a time, then came on to Bacchus Marsh in 1858, and perminanently settled here. Mr. Doherty died eight years ago. The family of one son (Mr. J. B. Doherty) and two daughters (Mrs. B. Love and Mrs. C. F. Hegarty) still reside at Maddingley.
ISSUED TO ARMY AND NAVY.
Announcement is made by the War Office of the award of a special certificate of honor, called "The King's Certificate on Discharge," to all ranks, except officers, of the navy, army, and air forces, who have been discharged through wounds or disabilities incurred on active service or other enemy action.
A second Discharge Certificate will be awarded where the recipients of the first award have voluntarily re-enlisted and have been re-discharged. The respective Dominion authorities will issue the certificate to former members of the Australian, Canadian, and New Zealand Navel Forces, and the accountant of the General Navy will issue it to members of the Malta and Newfoundland Forces and the General Naval Reserve.
The Chief Inspector, Vermin Destruction Act, wrote that the Minister of Lands had granted permission for Inspector Tolmie to act as Thistle Inspector for the Shire of Bacchus Marsh.—Received.
The Thistle Inspect or (Mr J. W. Tolmie) reported:— During the month I have inspected properties in the Parishes of Korkuperrimul, Parwan, Coimadai, and Merrimu, and have served 108 notices under the Thistle Act. I ask that the Council clean, all Crown lands and reserves under their control of boxthorn and thistles, so that private owners can be compelled to do like wise if necessary. Another matter which requires attention is allowing any boxthorn to lay about on roads and lanes; this is not appreciated by the majority of the public, and the persons responsible for it should be asked to remove it. I must also report favourably on the efforts of some of the growers of boxthorn and thistles who are anxioius to eradicate these pests. Having resigned my position as Thistle Inspector, I wish to thank the President, Councillors and Secretary for their assistance, and trust the same will be accorded my successor.
The Thistle Inspector (Mr. J. W. Tolmie wrote:—I as not aware when I accepted the position, until I read a letter in the
Herald that an application had been received from a returned soldier, who was desirous of the position, and in my opinion should have been appointed, for according to the letter, the Council has passed a motion giving preference to returned soldiers for any vacant positions; under these conditions I have no right to hold the position. I therefore tender my, resignation as Thistle Inspector for the Shire of Bacchus Marsh, in favor of the appointment of Mr. G. C. Robson and should he be appointed to the position I ask that the Council allow him to take up the duties at once, without the usual month's notice being received from me. As he had to attend a confer ence at Bendigo on, 13th and 14th inst., he could not attend the Council meeting.
G. C. Robson applied for the position of Thistle Inspector to the Shire now held by Inspector Tolmie. His application had been put in too late for last meeting.—The Secretary stated that there was no application in from Mr. Robson at last meeting. Two days before the meeting Mr. Dare brought Mr. Robson to him and said that he was prepared to take up the position. He then told him to put his application in writing, and it would be dealt with by the Council but the application did not come in until two days after the meeting.— Cr. Alkemade understood the Council was going to give preference to returned soldiers in any new appoint ments, and had resolutions on the books to that effect.— The Secretary read the resolution referred to, which said preference "when qualified."— Cr. Alkemade said here was a chance to give a returned man a position and they did not do so.—Cr. Boyd asked how they could give it to him when there was no application in.— Cr. Alkemade said it should have been advertised, and there might have been a dozen applicants.—Cr. Robertson said that Cr. Kerr and himself had moved at last meeting that applications be called at £75 or £100, but the other Crs. carried that Tolmie get the position at £50 providing the Minister approved. Even if the appointment was irregular, Tolmie had given every satisfaction, and it would be the wrong thing to do to take it out of his hands now. There had been more eradication of boxthorn during the last month. than he had seen for the previous. 10 years.—(Hear, hear, from . several Crs.).—Cr. McMahon said they would get better work from Mr. Tolmie at £50 than from anyone else at £150. They could not afford to throw money away. He was there to represent a certain, section of the community, and he was going to do it.— The President approved of Mr. Tolmie's appointment, as he went over the same ground as his other work, and it was very little trouble to him. It was very unfair of Cr. Alkemade, to be absent from last meeting and then come back here and complain of what had been done.— Cr. Ram-seys said the Council would be no friend of Mr. Robson's if they gave him the position: He moved that Mr. Tolmie be asked to reconsider his resignation as it was the wish of the Council that he carry on. He knew every nook and corner of the Shire, and all the owners. There was never a more serious question than boxthorn. If the people did not get it out it would get the people out.—Cr. Boyd seconded Mr. Tolmie was the right man in the right place.—Cr. Alkemade moved that Mr. Tolmie's resignation be accepted, and that fresh applications be called, at £50 per year.— Cr. Bourke seconded.—Cr. Kerr said, he had nothing against Mr. Tolmie, but would like to assist the returned soldiers.— Amendment that resignation be accepted and fresh, applications called, lost, (Crs. Alkemade, Bourke and Kerr voting for it, balance of Crs: against), motion; that Mr. Tolmie be asked to reconsider his resignation, carried.
Mr F. L. Adams, of Simeon Street, Addington has received news of the death of his son, Air Mechanic Adams (Frank), who was a prisoner of war in Turkey. Air Mechanic F. L. Adams was born in Sydenham twenty-five years ago and educated at the Sydenham, West Christchurch District High and Technical Schools. On leaving school he served his time as a a carpenter and joiner with Messrs Love and Gasson and afterwards at the New Zealand Railway Maintenance Department till he left for Australia to study architecture. He was in Sydney when war was declared and he enlisted with the Australian Forces. He was attached to the Flying Corps. He served through the Mesopotamian campaign with General Townsend to the engagement at Ctesiphon and was taken prisoner at the surrender of Kut-el-Amara. His younger brother, E. L. Adams, is at present in France with the New Zealand Machine Gun Company.
A second Discharge Certificate will be awarded where the recipients of the first award have voluntarily re-enlisted and have been re-discharged. The respective Dominion authorities will issue the certificate to former members of the Australian, Canadian, and New Zealand Navel Forces, and the accountant of the General Navy will issue it to members of the Malta and Newfoundland Forces and the General Naval Reserve.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Two weeks ago it was announced that Lieut. Gerald Little had been so severely wounded in Action, for the third time, that it was necessary to amputate his right foot. He has now cabled from England—"Out of bed. Have been awarded Military Cross." A well-earned honor, which will in some small measure soften the sacrifice made. As the Little family are natives of Bacchus Marsh the residents extend their congratulations to both soldier and his parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Little, of Werribee, who must feel proud that two of their sons have so distinguished themselves on the field of battle to be honored by the Military Cross; as Lieut. Leo. Little won his some months ago.
Sergeant Francis H. Crook, 1st Batt., returned home on Thursday last, after over three years' service abroad. He was wounded and gassed, but is now able to get about with the aid of a stick. Three other brothers are still on service, and all are sons of Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Crook, Bacchus Marsh.
The death is reported of Pte. Walter MacQueen, who was previously on the missing list. He is one of four brothers on Active Service of Mrs. E. Moss, Grant street, Bacchus Marsh, and enlisted from West Australia.
...Avenue of Honor public meeting in the Shire hall, Bacchus Marsh, on Monday evening next, 24th inst., to decide on what steps shall be taken to plant trees on the main roads in honor of district soldiers. Many other places already have the work well, in hand. If advantage is to be taken of the present planting season no time will have to be lost...
The Thistle Inspector (Mr. J. W. Tolmie) wrote:—I beg to report having served during the month 28 notices under the Thistle Act. Since my last report a good deal of box thorn has been dealt with in, a very effective manner, also thistles. The. latter, however,, have been left too late before cutting. All thistles and other noxious weeds should be cut when showing flowers, and not when seed is formed. Re my resignation as Thistle Inspector, which at last meeting was not accepted, and which I was asked to reconsider. This I have done, but cannot see my way clear at present time to continue to hold the position.
G. C. Robson (returned soldier) wrote withdrawing his application for Thistle Inspector, as he would not be able to give the time to it unless he employedsomeone to carry on his business.
The Shire Secretary also tendered his resignation as Thistle Inspector, and agreed to have £20 per. annum deducted from his salary.
After the usual discussion on this question it was decided, on the motion of Crs. Boyd and Ramsey, that an additional £30 be allowed the Secretary, who was to appoint a Thistle Inspector, to be approved of by the Council, to carry out the Act.
Cr. McMahon said some of the Crs. Were the biggest offenders in connection with noxious weeds, and he moved that the Inspector take action against them first.—Cr. Boyd seconded.—Carried.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL
Driver Harry Ruddick has been gassed, and is in hospital in England. He is attached to the Royal Field Artillery B.E.F., and has been 28 months in France.
...The planting of an Honor Avenue was again brought forward.— The Secretary read the resolution passed at a public meeiting referring the matter back to the Council to carry out —Cr Alkemade said at Coimadai the residents carried out the work themselves, but here they wanted the Council to do the work. —Cr Morton said it only wanted a head to make a start, and he thought if the Council took it up there would be plenty of outside help. He moved the Council go on with the work and anyone who wished to help could do so.— Cr. Ramsey seconded, providing it was gone on with immediately. —Cr. Robertson said they should avoid overlapping. Myrniong had soldiers and the resident's might prefer to have their trees planted in that lo cality.—Cr. Morton said the idea was to, try and link up, the whole main road between Melbourne and, Ballarat—Cr. McMahon said it was a national matter, and they should stick to the main road.—Cr. Boyd agreed, and follow out the scheme started at Ballarat. Carried that Council go on with the work.
Cr. Robertson moved that a public meeting be called at Myrniong on Saturday, 13th inst., at 7 o'clock, to ascertain the feeliing whether the trees should be planted locally or added to the Bacchus. Marsh avenue. —Cr. Purcell seconded.—Carried.
Cr. Morton moved that the whole Council and a public committee carry, out the sheme; and that a meeting of same be held on Mon day next, 15th inst., at 8 p.m.—Cr. Alkemade seconded.—Carried.
The following committee (with power to add) was named:—Rev. Father Gleeson (St. Bernard's), Rev. T. W. Davis (Anglican), Rev B. Williams (Presbyterian), Mr. R. Bulman (Methodist), Mesdames E. L. Simpson, Jack Cowan, Emmett, Powell, Grant-Morton, W. E. Ram sey, Hodgson, Crisp, Hiscock, Miss B. W. Anderson, Messrs, Thos. Anderson, W.- Grant, H. G. Campbell, H. M. Hodgson, E. Pearce, C. Dickie A. T. Oliver, F. G. Hiscock, C. L. Crisp, F. R.. Manning, P. F. Emmett, R. H. Dugdale.
Honor Avenue meeting called for Monday evening next, 15th inst, in the Shire hall. The Bacchus Marsh Council decided on Monday last to go on with the proposal to plant trees in honor of local soldiers, as now being carried out in other parts -more especially Ballarat, where some miles of trees have been planted. As the matter has been buffeted about from meeting to meeting for so long, there will probably, be some difficulty now in obtaining the necessary supply of trees.
Promises to assist the Bacchus Marsh Honor Avenue are already coming to hand, although no canvass has been made. Cr. R. S. Boyd and Mr. W.P Greene (Greystones) will bear the expense of five trees each. Cr. W. Grant Morton will be pleased to hear from any willing to assist but who are unable to attend the meeting called for Monday evening next.
A meeting of Myriong residents will also be held this Saturday even ing 13th inst., to deal with the Honor Avenue question...
AVENUE OF HONOR.
MONSTER WORKING BEE.
SATURDAY, August 3.
Starting at 10 a.m.
THE Committee hereby makes an earnest appeal to all those who are willing to assist in digging 170 holes to take the trees which are to be planted in the Avenue.
It is hoped that a hearty response will be made to this appeal, as any self-denial entailed by this kindly action, on the part of willing worker, is only a small matter compared with the great sacrifices which are being made for us who are left at home.
Each tree represents a Soldier Boy—Will you lend a helping hand to plant it?
Show by your presence and cher ful cooperation that you have the cause at heart.
Bring your spade or shovel and pick.
Luncheon will be provided by the Ladies for the workers. The Ladies will appreciate assistance in this direction from lady helpers. Ladies who are willing to assist kindly give their names to Miss Anderson.
Carpenters willing to make tree guards will please give their names to Mr. H. E. Connor; and all other helpers to Mr. H. M. Hodgson, by Saturday; 27th inst.
J. A. BROWN, Chairman.
SHIRE OF BACCHUS MARSH
AVENUE OF HONOUR.
NAMES OF SOLDIERS
ALL RELATIVES of, Soldiers who Enlisted from the Shire of Bacchus Marsh, are requested to send particulars of Names and Battalion number, to the Shire Secretary, as soon as possible, for their name plates.
The Bacchus Marsh Honor Avenue has at last been launched. At a meeting on Monday evening last (over which Shire President Brown presided) all the details for the undertaking were arranged. The date selected was a fortnight hence—Saturday, 3rd August. A start will be made at 10 a.m. to dig the holes, and the tree planting will folllow, under the supervision of local experts, as a good deal depends upon the future of the tree whether is just "dumped" in or has its roots properly spread out. Elms will be planted, and the site chosen is the continuation of the trees already planted at the east end of the town, on towards the old Woolpack Inn, or as much further as the number required entails. Trees will only be planted for sol diers who enlisted in the Shire or whose parcnts resided here at the time of enlistment. It is expected that 170 will be required for this length of road, others having been planted elsewhere. Name plates and guards will be provided for each tree, and volunteers in the making of the guards are asked for—see particulars advertised. The ladies have undertaken to provide refresh ments for the "bees" and assistance in this direction will also be wel comed. The Shire Council has de cided to act as guarantor for the expense incurned, but there is no reason why that body should bear the hole of tihe expense if individuals are to provide one or more trees, already a number have done this. This privilege is also extended to any friends who wish to provide for a soldier connected with the dis trict but did not enlist here. It was proposed that the day be pro claimed a public holiday, but as this would cause some inconven ience by causing the post-office and banks to close, it is understood that it will be left with business people to use their discretion on the mat er as it is Saturday, all will, in any case, close at 1 o'clock. It: only requires the hearty cooperation of all residents now to make the un dertaking a complete success.
The following have signified their intention to donate trees and guards in the Bacchus Marsh Honor Avenue at an average cost of 10/ each:—R. S. Boyd, W. P. Greene, R. H. Dug dale, E. Pearce, Employees Darley Firebrick Co., "Anonymous," W. Grant Morton, C. L. T Alkemade, five trees each; John Wills, F. G. Hiscock, H. M. Hodgson, H. E. Con nor, B. Dally, W. T. Wittick, J. Edgerton, J. A. Brown, P. Alke made, R. F. Manning, Mrs. H. S. Jones, two trees each; J. McMahon, G. W. McFarland, S. Le Cocq, H. Lampe, Mark Usher, W. Goudie, R. ? Cuthbertson, Gordon and Harold Campell, W. McDonald, G. F. ?, Miss Campbell, Miss Irving Miss Cahill, one tree each.
Established 1866. SATURDAY, July 27, 1918. Honor Avenue tree planting date altered to Saturday 10th August. This has been found neccessary on account of the name plates and tim ber for the tree guards being unob tainable by the 3rd. Attention is again directed to the advertisement asking for particulars of soldiers nanmes, &c.
The following have , been invited to attend the tree-planting ceremony —Minister of Defence, Captain Bruce Sergeant Lister, Hon. A. R. Robert son, and C. McGrath, M.H.R.
Working Bee at 10 a.m., official ceremony at 2.30 p.m. More workers wanted. All prepared to assist please hand in their names at once, so that the committee may adjust their arrangements accordingly.
Out of the 200 trees to be planted, 120 have already been subscribed for. New donors will be received by Cr. W. Grant Morton or the Shire Secretary. Further donors of trees: Dr. Pollock 5. Two each—Rev. B. Williams, Hon.A. R. Robertson, Mrs. W. Grant, Miss Mahoney, Miss Creagh, E.J.Ford, Palmer Bros., Robt. Lidgett and "Sympathiser." One each —Mrs. Norman West, Mrs. Mary Hine, Mrs. J. McGrath, Mrs J.A. Loeper, Mrs T. G. Pearce, Mrs. E. L. Simpson, Misses Ander son, Miss Doris Cowan, Miss Jean McDonald, Miss Belle Smith, Miss M. I. Pearce, Robt. Morton (Middle Park), W. Robertson (Myrniong), Harley Cowan, Robt. Burbidge, W. F. Woodward, Thos, Worthy, W. C. Woodward, N.C .Woodward.
Myrniong Honor Avenue tree planting has been fixed for Friday, 9th August.
HONOR AVENUE, BACCHUS MARSH
To day will see many busy hands at work planting trees in honor of Bacchus Marsh soldiers. Work will commence early in the morning, as 200 holes have to be sunk. The committee have reserved this number to meet promises, made. Everybody welcome-spades, shovels and picks included.
Official programme—2.15: Assemble at Woolpack for instructions. 2.45. Trees planted simultaneously at sound of bugle. 3.30: Ceremony; addresses by representative men.
Major Baird, M.L.A., of Ballarat, has accepted the invitation to be present. The local Parliamentary representatives have accepted a prior invitation to be present at a similar function at Macedon.
The ladies will provide refreshments for the workers, and Mr. and Mrs. Alf Slack have kindly placed their residence at the disposal of the Red Cross committee as the Cafe of Honor for this purpose.
The soldiers have been allotted their places in allphabetical order, each tree bearing a number. A leaflet has been prepared showing the position of each.
Each tree will be planted by a relative or friend of the soldier, and these persons are requested to be present at their respective places, so that the work may go on all along the line at once.
Owners of motor cars have been invited to convey the planters along the route. A hearty response is expected. Other vehicles will be welcome for the same purpose as the avenue is nearly two miles in length and much time will be saved in this way.
The following will supervise the planting—Jas. Cowan, trees No. 1 to 25; F. J. Slack, 26 to 37; H. G. Campbell, 38 to 47; J. A. Loeper, 48 to 72; T. W. Campbell, 73 to 92; N. C. Woodward, 93 to 117; A. Cameron, 118 to 127; H. Burbilge, 128 to 152; H. Moffatt, 153 to 165; H. Marchant, 166 to 190; J. G. Wells, 191 to 204; W. E. Spurr, 205 to 225; W. West, 226 to 235; Thos. Cowan, 236 to 255; Mark Usher, 256 to 270; W. C. Woodward anl W. F. Woodward, 271 to 280; Joseph Lodge.
Of ths 280 trees to be planted 211 have been donated.
Additional donations of trees—Two each—Mrs. T. B. Ryan, Miller Bros., Reg. Fagg, Employes at Broadlands, Mrs. Platt, J. J. Windsor. One each—Misses Clancy, Miss Brydon, Miss Anderson, H. Fagg, E. H. Wray, Mrs. Mitchelson, Mrs. J. Simpson, Mrs. Manning, sen., Mrs. R. F. Manning, Geo. Peters, E. H. Lawrence, J. D. Hargreaves, Miss Dot. Simpson, E. Tracey, Mrs. Mues, T. W. Campbell, Mrs. Scott, Mrs. W. Morton (Blink Bonnie), Miss Belle Morton, Jack Morton, Mrs. Goudie, W. E. Spurr, Mrs. W. Kerr, C. E. Powell, W. H. McFarlane, Miss Eva McFarlane, Mrs. H. Burbidge, Miss E. Unsworth, Mrs. E. B. Manning, Cr. J. Bourke, Miss Mabel Edwards, D. Davison, Alex. Kerr, Miss A. R. Rogers, T. and J. Bence.
Interrogations answered—The trees are planted where they are (encroaching on the pathway in places) by order of the Country Roads Board, this august body insisting on them being 23ft. from the centre of the roadway. Elms chosen because the C.R.B. disapprove of evergreens—keep the road damp in winter. Name cards on trees are only temporary, which will be replaced by permanent plates as soon as available.
BACCHUS MARSH AVENUE OF HONOR.
Within the shadows of the old Woolpack Inn (which has added a chapter or two to the history of the district) there occurred on Saturday last a memorable gathering which aided still another chapter to that history, a chapter of which any district might be proud—the planting of two miles of trees as a memorial to the brave soldier lads who have left their homes to go and fight for their King and Country.
The movement was only taken up a few weeks ago and the enthusiasm grew as the people became better acquainted with what was expected of them, so much so that on Saturday a crowd of over 1000 persons asembled to witness and assist in the planting ceremony. The Woolpack was chosen as the meeting place, it being about the halfway point of the Avenue.
The trees (Canadian elms) are planted on both sides of the main Melbourne-Ballarat road, commencing from the present avenue of trees at the east end of the town and extend to within sight of the Lerderderg river at Hopetoun, a distance of nearly two miles. Next season the Avenue may be extended to Anthony's Cutting.
Each tree stands as a silent sentry representing a gallant soldier, and the length of road so covered gives some faint idea of the district's magnificent contribution in men (the world's best soldiers) to the Empire's Army. The trees are protected by self-made timber guards, affixed to each of which is a neat sheet-copper embossed name plate, giving the soldier's number, rank, Battalion, &c. The soldiers have been placed in alphabetical order and numbered— the odd on one side and the even on the other, thus placing the members of one family together. This explanation is given for those who may wonder at the interweaving of the names, as given on the list sheet.
To plant 281 trees in one afternoon seemed an almost impossible task, but so complete were the arangements that the feat was accomplished without a single hitch, not only in the afternoon, but in about half an hour.
The holes for the trees had already been prepared by a band of willing workers in the morning. A sight that will be long remembered. So keen were the men to assist that this part of the programme almost turred itself into a competition, as to who would dig the most. As an instance of this patriotic spirit, the Darley Firebrick Company closed down its works and at about 8 a.m. Employees took up their positions in the Avenue, where several of their comrades are represented by trees, and in a very short time they had 100 holes ready. Work much appreciated by the committee Other individual workers came from all quarters, and by 11 o'clock every hole had been sunk and by noon all the tree guards erected. Many workers who came later were disappointed because there were no holes left for them to dig.
It was now time for the planting supervisors to take charge, each being given a section of so many trees. The soil in the holes was properly prepared by them and the trees stood in position with roots spread out, ready for the afternoon planting. This work of the supervisors is also deserving of commendation, as it not only saved valuable time but will give the youug trees every opportunity to thrive, which they should do as everything is in their favor.
Planting Supervisors who assisted —Messrs. Jas. Cowan, F. J. Slack, H. G. Campbell, J. A. Loeper, T. W. Campbell, N. C. Woodward, A Cameron, H. Burbidge, H. Moffatt, H. Marchant, J. G. Wells, W. E. Spurr, W. West, Thos. Cowan, M. Usher, W. C. Woodward, W. F. Woodward and Joseph Lodge (the later states he assisted his late father to plant the tree in the vicinity of the Woolpack some 58 years ago—case of history repeating itself).
Now the afternoon ceremony came along. All roads led to the Woolpack, whether you went per foot, motor or horse vehicle, you must get there. And what a grand gathering it was. "Cook's son—Duke's son—son of a belted Earl— Son of a Lambeth publican—it's all the same today!"
All of them there to do honor to those doing their country's work.
Major Baird, M.L.A., who has seen Active Service in the present war, came from Ballarat to pay homage to his comrades in arms, and, at the invitation of Shire President Brown, planted the honor tree.
The people were asked to distribute themselves along the whole length of the avenue, the relitives or friends of the soldiers (many of whom came from a distance) taking up their positions at the trees they had been invited to plant. This instruction was accompanied by the kindness of various motor and vehicle owners conveying passengers with dexterity along the route—half went eastward and the other half westward. A bugle call was then sounded as the signal to commence the planting simultaneously. This again was a sight to be remembered. "Tears were hung on every tree"—tears of joy for the lad a had returned, of pride and anxiety for those still in the ranks, and of sorrow for the one who had paidthe supreme sacrifice; and of the latter there were quite a number, many wreaths, Battalion colors, and other tributes of love and respect marking their places. Of the 281 soldiers honored in this way, many had gained distinctions. including a Victoria Cross, the Military Cross, the Distinguished Conduct Medal, Military Medal, &c.
As already stated, the planting ceremony occupied but half-an-hour —a most pleasant surprise to all, as it prevented the proceedings dragging. The people were then conveyed back to the meeting place in the same, manner as they were distributed.
The official ceremony opened with the singing of the National Anthem, after which Shire President Brown introduced Major Baird, and in doing so said the avenue was one of the splendid things they could do in honor of the soldiers. When the boys came back they would see they had not been forgotten. The next generation would also see by the trees what their forefathers had done for them.
Major Baird expressed his pleasure at being present, and having the honor of, planting the first tree. Although Bacchus Marsh was looked upon as the hub of Victoria it was the first time that he had been here. He hoped they would be able to make room in this prosperous district for some of the gallant soldier lads to settle permanently. The avenue was a fitting memorial to these gallant men—it was one of the finest things they could do. It would some day be a feature between Melborune and Ballarat, where the avenue idea originated, by 500 girls from one factory taking the matter up. Over 3,000 trees had now been planted, covering some 10 miles of road. Whilst at the Front he had come in contact with one of their local lads—Captain Godfrey, who had given his life for his country and one of the finest officer they had. He would always have warm spot int his heart for him. But young Godfrey was only a representative of other gallant lads from this district, so was it any wonder that it raised the spirit within them —let that spirit grow and strengthen, so that they would not only honor their brave men today but each day of their lives. When he returned from the Front to Australia he met two classes of people; one said "When are you going back?" The other said "You've done your bit and up to you to have a spell." One class did not care a rap what had been done for them whilst others extended the helping hand. The latter was the way to honor their returned men. He was a Britisher to the backbone. Germany was not more mightier, than us. The British race transcends them all. Their soldiers were representatives of that great race. When Germany threw the challenge down in this Great War she thought that the British race was done, she thought that the manhood of the Empire had been sapped by commercialism and luxury. But was she right? With Kitchener's call to arms the young men came to Britain's aid, and so the challenge of Germany was taken up in, a way she never thought of. Germany thought she could walk through the "contemptible little army" and bring France to her, knees. But before she was able to do that there were a million British soldiers their. So the same rebuff had been given to Germany in other places. In Mesopotamnia (which would prove one of the richest parts of the world) Egypt and Palestine they had flung the Germans back and planted the banner of their Great Empire on the banks of the Jordan . These feats were equal to anything that Germany had done. In France the British army was holding the key to Paris, which was holding the key of France and the channel ports. If Germany got possession of these, thing would be made "hot" for us. He asked them to think of that and they would recognise what the Empire and their gallant lads meant it to them. He believed the Australians were the finest soldiers in the world. He did not say they were the only men who could fight, but the Australian soldier had the spirit, dash and head reiquired in modern warfare. When they realised what these gallant lads had done for them, was it any wonder they assembled there that day to do honor to them. There would be great calls made on them to repatriate these men. He would not criticise the authorities on what they had done but he believed they could have done more. No Government could do what was wanted unless it had the inspiration of the people behind it. He asked that they assist the Govenmmnent to repatriate these lads, who belonged to the Greatest Empire upon which the sun ever shone. Major Baird then gave an instance of how the Australians loved their officers, of how four men volunteered to go out into "no man's land"—every inch of which was raked by machine guns—in an attempt to bring in the body of an officer who had been killed, but the men also lost their lives—showing their last tribute to a beloved officer. Surely then, we here could do some thing which was no sacrifice at all They were great men, those Australians, about whom some unkind things had been said—some deservred perhaps, as they were not all angels. He appealed to them to remember theose gallant men each day through life and if they could do anything to help them back to civil life do so. (Applause.)
Mr. P. Alkemade (of Melbourne and a representative of the State War Council) also spoke, and appealed to the eligible young men to "get to it" at once and get some documentary proof that they had taken their part in this Great War, and prove themselves worthy sons of the pioneers who had come here before them. He had just planted a tree for Sgt. Major O'Brien, one of their local men who had won the D.C.M. and proved himself a man. The deeds of these men shone throughout the Empire and would be handed down as a glorious heritage. The avenue would be an ever green monument forever and he complimented the district for undertaking it.
President Brown apologised for the absence of Sergeant, Lister, M.H.R., and Hon. A. R: Robertson, M.L.A. who were present at a similar function at Macedon. Cr McMahon moved a vote of thanks to the ladies for providing the refreshments. He always noticed they "toed the mark" in a manly, noble manner when their assistance was required. He also mentioned that the men had put up a record that morning by digging 200 holes for the trees in three hours.
The National Anthem and "God bless our splendid men," also three hearty cheers for the "Boys at the Front," closed a notable gathering.
The weather elements were kind —so kind that the ladies were able to set their refreshment tables in the open-air. But to provide against any emergeney, the "commercial rooms" of the old Woolpack had been prepared as a shelter pavilion —fortunately not needed. Thanks in profusion due to the ladies Sunshine Brigade (in charge of Red Cross President Anderson) who provided lunch for the workers and tasty refreshments later on for afternoon tea—all and sundry being provided for. Special thanks recorded to Mr. and, Mrs. Alfied Slack and family for assistance in this same department and placing their house, grounds and everything they possessed at the disposal of the ladies.
Thanks again to the members of the Commonwealth (in charge of Lieut. Russell) who attended and formed a Gaurd of Honor when the official speeches were being made. This added the military tone necessary to the gathering.
Generalissimo Cr. W. Grant Morton, J.P., has had many triumphs in displaying his organising power 1n making successes of local functions, but last Saturday's gatherinig (to which he acted as Hon. Organiser) can be classed as his super-triumph, and it must be very gratifying to him to know that the time which he devoted to this worthy object had such a successful climax. To organise a function without any previous data to work on is difficult, but to have to cram it all into a limited space of time increases the task—a task which grows into considerable magnitude, as all the details of tlhe soldiers had to be collected, placed in alphabetical and numerical order, which couldd not be done until the last moment, and so that a hundred and one other things were provided —if the odd one happened to be forgotten confusion may have resulted—but it didn't. The thanks of the community is therefore due to Mr. Morton for his valuable services —not forgetting his motor service.
Now the work which the public did not see being carried out has to be recognised—the making of the 281 tree guards. Different proposals were put forward as to their supply, but Mr. H. E. Connor stepped into the breach and undertook to see that they were provided free of charge if the timber was supplied him. Here again time was the essence of the contract, and timber being difficult to procure made the time shorter, which necessitated "speeding up" on the part of Mr. Connor and his noble band of assistants, who, it must be remembered, worked in the night time after their usual day's toil was done. Mr. Connor says "each and everyone is willing to do the same again if occaion arises.'' Too much prominence cannot be given to this patriotic, work, therefore the names of those who participated in it and the hours worked are given:—H. E. Connor, 47 hours or 12 nights ;W. T. Wittick, 15 hours or 7 nights; J. A. Morton, 11 hours or 5 nights; E. Brazier, 8 hours or 6 nights; H. Marchant, 6 hours or 3 nights; N. C. Woodward, 6 hours or 3 nights; A. J. Grant, 6. hours or 3 nights; W. E. Spurr, 4 hours or 2 nights; L. Dugdale, 4 hours or 2 nights; D. Barry, 3 hours or 2 nights; Ern. Wittick, 2 hours or 1 night; E. Barry, 2 hours or 1 night; W. C. Woodward, 2 hours or 1 night; W. F. Woodwaid, 2 hours or 1 night. Mr. A. Newman can be added to the above band, as he rendered valuble assitance in free cartage of the timber for the guards. Messrs. R. H. Dugdale and J. G. Wells kindly attended to the delivery of the guards along the route.
Although the Bacchus Marsh Shire Council stood as guarantor for the work, it was relieved of much expense by almost the whole of the trees and guards being donated, and the various "working bees" also reduced the outlay. At Creswick we note that it cost the Shire £1 for each tree and the namcplate; at Bacchus Marsh the work has been well executed for half that amount —evidence of good management.
We have been requested to publish the names of the soldiers represented in the Avenue and the persons who planted the trees to their memory. The following is the list, as far as it, has been possible to ascertain:—
1 F. L. ADAMS Miss Doris Cowan.
2 JOHN ALLAN W. Allan.
3 J. W. ALLEN Miss Quenie Leitch.
4 JAS. ALMOND Miss M. I. Pearce.
5 A. F. ANDERSON Mrs. R. F. Manning.
6 Keith F. ANDERSON Miss Grace W. Anderson.
7 A. BARRETT. Mrs. Barrett.
9 P. BARRY Mrs. E. B. Manning.
10 P. G. BARRY Miss Peterson.
11. J. R. BENNETT Jas. Bennett.
12 R. K. BARRY Mrs. J. J. Barry jun.
13 G. F. BENCE Miss B. W. Anderson.
14 P. C. BARRY Miss Gladys Barry.
15 W. BENNETT Jas. Bennett.
16 C. W. BIRD S. C. Bird, sen.
17 L. E. BLAKE E. Blake.
18 L. E. BIRD S. Bird, jun.
19 H. N. BLAKE Harley Cowan.
20 T. H. BOOTH W. H. Booth.
21 W. BLAKE Miss E. Blake.
22 W. C. BOOTH Miss E. Campbell.
23 E. J. BOTTLE Miss Barradell.
24 HUGH BOTTLE C. E. Hosken.
25 H. C. BOTTLE Miss Unsworth.
26 J. C. BOURKE Mrs. Jas. Whelan.
27 W. H. BOURKE Mrs. Bourke.
28 JOS. BOYD Jos. Boyd, sen.
29 RAYMOND BOYD Mrs. Boyd.
30 W. BRENNAN F. J. Slack.
31 F. BRIGHTON James Ross.
32 I BRUNT Mrs. M. Kerr.
33 JAS. BUSHBY R. Bulman.
34 A. J. BUCKLEY Miss Buckley.
35 A. J. BUCKLEY Miss Buckley.
36 W. BUCKLEY Mrs. T Buckley.
37 E. W. CAMERON Miss Brydon.
38 H. H. CAMPBELL H. G. Campbell.
39 ARCHIE CAMPBELL Miss Maggie Campbell.
40 G. L. CAMPBELL Mrs. H. G. Campbell.
41 J. H. CAMPBELL Miss Jessie Campbell.
42 W. A. CAMPBELL Miss Turner.
43 J. R. CALDERWOOD Miss J. Kennewell.
44 A. J. CARTER E. J. Carter.
45 W. W. CARTER Mrs. Carter
46 R. CARDELL Miss Ettie Burbidge.
47 H. H. H. CHAMBERS G. Chambers.
48 FRED. CASPER Miss Caspar.
49 F. CHAMBERS Miss M Chambers.
50 H. CASHMORE H. Bissell.
51 J. H. CHAMBERS Miss M. Chambers.
52 W. G. CHIPPINDALE Col. Campbell.
53 A. CLARK Mrs. W. Allan.
54 A. CLANEY Mrs. Claney.
55 W. CLARK W. Allan
56 R. COATES Mrs. T. H. Worthy.
57 E. COBHAM Miss Marion Manly.
58 D. J. COGHLAN Mrs. Coghlan.
59 H. A. CONDON Andy Connell.
60 M. B. COGHLAN D. Coghlan.
61 JAS. CONNELL Dorothy Manly.
62 J. A. CONNOR Mrs. H. M. Hodgeson.
63 W. H. CONNELL Thos. Kyle.
64 W. A. COOK Mrs. Cook.
65 W. R. COOK W. T. Wittihck.
66 J. COSGROVE J. A. Loeper.
67 M. COSGROVE M. Cosgrove, sen.
68 W. R. CROUCH Daisy Burbidge.
69 D. M. CROWE J. A. Loeper.
70 R. CROTON Mrs. H. Charlton.
71 M. R. CUTHBERTSON Mrs. W. Grant Morton.
72 Chas. E. CROOK Mrs. A. G. Crisp.
73 C. D. CUMMING John Cumming.
74 F. H. CROOK F. H. Crook, sen.
75 N. H. CUMMING Gordon Cumming.
76 J. R. CROOK Miss Heather Crook.
77 A. K. CUMMING Mrs. Jno. Cumming.
78 C. W. CROOK Mrs. F. H. Crook.
79 A. DAVIS A. Davis, jun.
80 G. T. DAVIS Mrs. H. Bissell.
81 L. DAVIS T. W. Campbell
82 W. G. E. DAVIS Rev. T. W. Davis.
83 A. DAVISON Miss Rene Davison.
84 S.C. DUBOUT Miss Belle Morton.
85 A. D. DAVISON Mrs. J. A. Morton.
86 V. DUBOUT Mrs. Gunner.
87 R. G. DAVISON Mrs. T. Mathews.
88 F. DODEMAIDE Cr. J. McMahon.
89 W. DIXON Miss Gladys Cowan.
90 T. DODEMAIDE Doris McMahon.
91 92 W. DUKELOW John Dukelow.
93 A. DURWARD W. R. Ross.
94 W. A .DREVER Mrs. Drever.
95 C. R. EDWARDS T. Edwards, sen.
96 C. J. EARL Mrs. Earl
97 R. W. EDWARDS J. A. Morton.
98 G. EARL Mrs. H. M. Fagg.
99 W. B. EDWARDS E. A. Reither.
100 W.A. EDGERTON J. Edgerton.
101 R. R. EVANS Miss Alison Hodgson.
102 JAS. H. EDGERTON Mrs.Edgerton.
103 R. EDOLS L. M. Dugdale.
104 J. EMMETT Mrs. J. Lodge.
105 ROY. EMMETT Mrs. P. F. Emmett.
106 JAS. B. FAGG
107 A. E. FAIRBANK Miss Violet Bence.
108 A. FARROW Miss Ingle.
109 H. I. GEORGE W. George.
110 A. J. GIBSON Miss Irving.
111 H. T. GEORGE Miss Evans.
112 T. C. GODFREY Mrs. Godfrey.
113 W. GOUDIE Mrs. Goudie.
114 R. T. GRANT Mrs. W. Grant.
115 C. A. GLADMAN Miss Lily Barradell.
116 H. S. GRANT Miss Alice Grant.
117 ROSS GRANT Mrs. W. Kerr
118 J.. W. HAMMOND A. Cameron.
119 C. HANRAHAN W. P. Grant.
120 W. S. HARKNESS Miss Annie Anderson.
121 T. HAWKINS Miss Hawkins.
122 A. W. HINE Arthur Hine.
123 A. W. T. HINE Mrs. W. Hine, sen.
124 R. J. HOGG Mrs. Loeper.
125 D. G. HOLLIS H. Hilton.
126 H. HOLMAN Mrs. A. Greenwood.
127 W. T. HORDER W. Horder.
128 C. B. HOPKINS H. Burbidge.
129 JAS. JOHANSEN Miss Jessie Alkemade.
130 W. JOHNSTON Miss Madie Johnson.
131 JOHN JOHANSEN Robt. Alkemade, jun.
132 C. A. JONES Mrs. J. Griffith
133 HAROLD JONES Miss Peggy Pollock.
135 PERCY JONES H. E. Connor.
136 J. KENNELLY W. R. Vigor.
137. W. R. KERR M. Kerr.
138 R. J. KERR Mrs. R. B. Kerr.
139 G. M. KERR Miss Flos. Kerr.
140 H. J. KING Miss Jean McDonald.
141 A. J. KNIGHT H. Dawson.
142 A. LADHAMS W. H. Ladhams.
143 T. H. LAY Mrs. Alex. Kerr.
144 P. LEITCH Mrs. P. Leitch 145 G. A. LITTLE Major Baird.
146 D. S. LINDSAY Miss Kitty Slack.
147 L. P. LITTLE Miss Cahill.
148 R. J. LINDSAY Cr. J. A. Brown.
149 D. LITTLE Mrs. C. E. Powell.
150 C. A. LOW Mrs. J. W. Tolmie.
151 B. P. LOVE J. B. Doherty.
152 J. A. LOW Mrs. J. A. Johns.
153 CHAS. LYLE Wm. Lyle.
154 J. C. LOW Miss E. Burbidge.
155 J. MAIN Mrs. H. Burbidge
156 T. H. MANLY Mrs. Thos. Manly.
157 158 E. E. MARSH Thos. Anderson.
159 A. MARTIN Mrs. E. L. Simpson.
160 W. G. MEDLING C. Medling.
161 S. MINNETT Master Lorie G. Morton.
162 G. S. MITCHELSON Thos. Heath.
163 H. MOFFATT H. Moffatt.
164 R. T. V. MOON Miss Emmett.
165 P. MOFFATT Mrs. Moffatt.
166 A. S. MOON Edgar Smith.
167 J. H. MOORE C. Moore.
168 KEN MOORE A. Kerr.
169 G. MOORE Miss Ida Moore.
170 W. R. MORTON Mrs. Jas. Morton.
171 D. R. MOORE Mrs. W. Tinker.
172 G. B. MORGAN Mrs. J. McGrath.
173 P. MOORE Roy Moore.
174 A. MURDOCH Mrs. J. Sheppard.
175 A. S. MOORE John Wills.
176 T. MURPHY J. Murphy.
177 W. MURCOTT Mrs. A. Shaw.
178 S. V. McDOUGALL Cr. H. McDougall.
179 H. G. McFARLANE H. Marchant.
180 CLEM. J. McFARLANE H. Marchant.
182 JAS. McGREGOR W. Grant.
183 JNO. McGREGOR Mrs. McGregor.
184 C. E. McKENZIE Mrs. McKenzie.
185 N. McLACHLAN Mrs. T. H. Pearce.
186 W. S. McKENZIE C. E. McKenzie.
187 J. McLACHLAN Mark Kyle.
188 J. J. McPHERSON Miss E. Minns (Melton).
189 Dr. F. L. NANCE Mrs. F. G. Hiscock.
190 J. P. NOLAN Mrs. W. Dugdale.
191 W. H. NOLAN Mrs. S. Clark.
192 M. J. O'BRIEN P. Alkemade.
193 A. N. A. O'HARA A. B. O'Hara.
194 ERN. OLIVER J. G. Wells.
195 THOS. OLIVER. Miss Davis.
196 ROBT. OLIVER Miss Barbara Vance.
197 H. S. OLIVER Mrs. A. T. Oliver
198 CHAS. OLIVER Mrs. T. G. Pearce.
199 ED. A. OLIVER Miss Oliver.
200 JAS. O'LEARY P . O'Leary.
201 E .ORTON Mrs. E. McDonald.
202 T. O'LEARY P. O'Leary.
203 PERCY B. OSBORNE Mrs. E. G. Jones.
204 SYD. OSBORNE Mrs. H. E. Connor.
205 P. OSWIN Miss Alice Hine.
206 M. QUINN Cr. J. McMahon.
207 G. G. PATERSON H . Lampe.
208 W. J. PEZET S. Le Cocq.
209 A. B. PATERSON Mrs. H. G. Paterson.
210 F. PIGOTT D. B. Pigott.
211 W. T. PHILLIPS Jack Phillips.
212 T. J. PHILLIPS W.E. Spurr.
213 W. PLATT Mrs. C. Platt.
214 H. G. PRICE Mrs. G. Sloss.
215 C. H. PLATT Miss Platt.
216 C. F. RAMSEY Miss Elsie Ramsey.
217 R. McH. RAMSEY Miss N. Pearce.
218 T. RAWLINSON Miss Wells.
219 R. MUIR REID Miss Jean Shaw
220 G. ROBSON Mrs. Robson.
221 W. ROGERS Miss Annie Rogers.
222 D. A. ROSS A. Ross.
223 J. W. ROSS Miss May McMahon.
224 H. RUDDICK Miss Moffatt.
225 FRED. RUSSELL Miss A. Russell.
226 Dr. W. B. RYAN Miss Ethel Dugdale.
227 IVAN RUSSELL Miss L Russell.
228 E. J. RYAN Miss M. Ryan.
229 R. J. RUSSELL Mrs. E. Emmel.
230 JAS. RYAN W. D. Hogan.
231 W. T. SERGEANT Mrs. J. Scott.
232 J. S. SHORT Miss. Mabel Edwards.
233 W. SHIELDS Miss Dot. Simpson.
234 T. J. SIMMONS Alex. Kerr.
235 F. N. SIMPSON Mrs. John Simpson.
236 N. P. SIMPSON Miss Rose Minns (Melton).
237 T. H. SKENE Miss Alice Dugdale.
238 A. G. SLACK Miss Maggie Slack.
239 E. A. SMITH Jas. Smith.
240 M. G. SMITH Mrs. A. S. McDonald.
241 R. W. SMITH Fred Smith.
242 THOS. H. SMITH Miss Olly Kerr.
243 G. T. SMITH Miss Belle Smith.
244 CHAS. J. SMYTHE Robt. J. Alkemade.
245 CHAS. H. SOMERTON Thos. Cowan.
246 E. A. STUART Miss Campbell.
247 GEO. SUTTON Mrs. Sutton.
248 H. SWANSON Mrs. Jack Cowan.
249 H. SYMINGTON Mrs. Jack Cowan.
250 J. TANCOE H. M. Hodgson.
251 F. J. TINKER F. W. Tinker.
252 C. TODD . Colin Todd, sen.
253 C. M. TODD J. N. Todd.
254 W. J. TODD Colin Todd, sen.
255 W. M. TOY Thos Cowan.
256 W. J. TREGONING Rev. B. Williams.
257 J. TURNOUR Mrs. R. Lidgett.
258 K. K. TURNOUR R. Lidgett.
259 D. TURNOUR Miss Jobling.
260 A. TURNOUR Mrs. B. Williams.
261 A. McK. TYERS; Mrs. A. McK. Tyers.
262 A. J. USHER Mrs. Usher.
263 P. J. VALLENCE M. Vallence.
264 M. USHER Master A. Usher.
265 W. VALLENCE Miss Nellie Vallence.
266 J. W. H. USHER Miss M. Slack.
267 J. H. VINNING H. Lidgett.
268 F. D. WARD Miss Ward.
269 T. WARKE Miss Ruth Burbidge.
270 T. C. WATERHOUSE Mrs. Cowper.
271 H. WATSON Mrs. Watson.
272 A. H. WAUD Mrs. Faulkiner.
273 N. S. R. WEST Mrs. N. West.
274 M. J. WHELAN S. Whelan, jun.
275 W. WEST Miss Minnie West.
276 C. D. WILLIAMS W. Williams.
277 C. G. WEST Miss Ethel West.
278 J. WEST W. McDonald.
279 S. WITHAM H. L. Simon.
280 A. WOODWARD Miss Woodward.
281 Sister KATHLEEN ROGERS Miss G. F. AndersonAdditional trees donated to Bacchus Marsh Avenue of Honor, making a total of 232 :—Two each— A. Moon (Melbourne), James Smith (Rowsley), Employees Darley Firebrick, Co. (making 7), J. D. Cameron. One each—Miss Ida Moore, Mrs. R. G. Lyle, Mrs. McPherson (Melton), S. Whelan, D. O'Keefe, jun., W. D. Hogan, H. Love, E. Moss, M. McLeod (Broadlands), W. Symington, H. Dawson, C. F. Hogarty, Mrs. F. Brighton.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Sydney McDougall is reported "gassed," after. two years Active Service. He is a son of Cr. H. McDougall, of Werribee, and enlisted from Balliang.
Corp. Syd. Dubout, of Rowsley, appears in the last list of wounded.
Lance Corporal J. H. Vinning, formerly telegraphist, &c., at the Bacchus Marsh railway station is among the next shipment of soldiers returning home.
New volunteer— Horatio Marsh Fagg, present manager of Messrs. Miller's Broadlands Estate, at Bacchus Marsh.
Parents or relatives of soldiers who have enlisted from the Shire of Bacchus Marsh, and who have not yet received the district Honor Medal are requested to communicate at once with the Hon. Sec. of the local Patriotic Committee (Mr. James Reddrop) in order that same may be supplied, as the committee is desirous that every volunteer be recognised in this way.
BACCHUS MARSH RED CROSS.
A meeting will be held in the Shire hall on Tuesday next, 17th inst., at 3 o'clock, when Misses An derson and Watt. of Melbourne, will speak on the' work of the Voluntary Aid Detachment. All interested in this form of Red Cross work please attend.
Another meeting will take place on Friday, in Shire hall, at 3 p.m., to make arrangements for Agricultural show luncheon. Wattle Day buttons will be on sale.
The Hon. Secretary (Miss Beatrice W. Andereon) acknowledges with thanks:—
Monthly collections—Miss. McFarlane, 14/6.
Goods—Socks, Mrs. T. H. Pearce. Misses Ethel and Agnes Dugdale. Old linen, Mrs. W. Densly, Mr. Armstrong. Books, Mrs. J. Campbell.
Sent away—70 pairs socks, 25 shirts, 2 scarfs, 6 washers.
Letters of thanks to Hon. Sec. for parcels received are to hand from following local soldiers—A. O'Hara, W. West, J. P. Nolan, W. G. Chip pindall, J. R. Crook. G. Moore, N. S. West, D. J. Coghlan, R. Boyd, Grant Kerr, and W. Bennett; also several other acknowledgments from soldiers for socks given out from parcels sent for distribution. Mrs. Medling, Misses D. Manly, G. Medling and O. Dally have also received letters of thanks.
The above is the design of a certificate that will be issued by the, British military authorities to warrant-ofiiccrs, N.C.O.'s, and men invalided from the army. The certificate to be issued to officers will be of the same design, but in place of the words "honourably discharged," will be the words "invalided from the service." In time members of the Australian forces who have seen active service will receive the certificates. They will be issued to all who have, after service overseas in a theatre of operations in the present war, have been invalided on account of wounds or ill health caused or aggravated by military service, or on account of disablement directly attributable to the enemy, eg, air or naval raids or on account of disablement caused or aggravated by military service while on flying duty in connection with operations against the enemy other than in a theatre of war.
The theatres of war in which Australian forces have taken part have been defined by the British Army Council as follows:—
Western Theatre.—All operations in France and Belgium since August 4, 1914
Eastern European Theatre.—All operations in Macedonia from October 5 1915
Gallipoli—All operations from April 20, 1915, to January 9, 1916.
Egyptian Theatre.—All operations against Turko—German forces from November 5, 1914, Also operations against the Senussi forces in Western Egypt and on the borders of Cyrenaica and in Darfur from November 3, 1914. Asiatic Theatre.—Mesopotamia, Aden Protectorate, Arabia, Arabian Coast, islands in the Red Sea, Persia, and Seistan, trom October 16, 1914.
Australasian Theatre.—Bismarck Archipelago from September 11, 1914, to Septem- ber 21, 1914; German Samoa on August 30, 1914; Kaiser Wilhelmsiand on September 24, 1914, and Nauru on November 6, 1014.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Lieut. E. J. Ryan, second son of Dr. and Mrs. Ryan, late of Bacchus Marsh, after two years service in France has obtained his commission in the Indian Army, Permanent Forces, and is attached to the Ruddah Lancers. Lieut. Col. Watson, a, son-in-lawm of Dr. and Mrs. Ryan is in Command of the 58th Battalion, and has Been twice mentioned in despatches.
7000 Anzacs returning to Australia. A hearty welcome awaits them. No eligible man can surely shake one by the hand and say, "Glad to see you back." If he does, he should expect the retort courteous, "Yes, glad to be back; but what have you done to get me back?"
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Mr. S. C. Bird, "The Gables," Balliang, has been informed that his son, C. W. Bird (Syd.) has been wounded in Action. His brother, Lionel, is still in the ranks.
Mr. and. Mrs. Jas. Smith, Rowsley railway station, have been notified that their son, Sergeant R. N. Smith, has been again wounded (third occasion) and admitted .to hospital in France on 3/9/18. He has since been transmitted to Metropolitan hospital, Kingsland road, England. His actual condition is not stated. He enlisted in 1914 and was due to return home for Xmas with the Anzacs.
Corp. W. R. Morton is reported wounded (second time) and is now in Hospital, Bristol; doing well.
Lieut. Gerald Little, M.C., who was recently operated on at Caulfield Military Hospital, is now at his home at Werribee, enjoying a month's leave.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
Driver "Web" Crook (one of three Anzac brothers) is expected home to Bacchus Marsh on Monday evening next.
The Anzacs received a grand welcome home to Australia on Saturday last; unbounded enthusiasm greeted these war warriors on their journey through Melbourne streets on Monday. It is to be hoped this interest in the men's welfare will not die out—it must not be allowed to do so. Other batches of these men will continue to arrive from time to time
W. Pezet was the only Anzac to arrive in Bacchus Marsh last Saturday evening, when he was met at the railway station by Shire President Kerr and several citizens with motor cars. The procession made its way to the Mechanics' Institute where a formal welcome was tendered. As mentioned before, it is the intention to have a general public welcome when all the men arrive home.
G. C. ROBSON
(Late 7th Batt., A.I.F.)
FEDERAL LUNCHEON ROOMS,
Main St., Bacchus Marsh.
CONFECTIONERY FOR XMAS.
Dainty Boxes, &c., suitable for gifts.
Summer Drinks and lce Cream.
"Do your Bit" for the man who has done his for you.
THE EMPIRE'S CALL.
It is expected that Anzacs Wm. McKenzie and Colin Todd, of Bacchus Marsh, will be released from quarantine and landed on Christmas day, and will probably arrive home that evening.
A welcome home social to Anzacs and other returned men will be tendered in the Bacchus Marsh Mechanics' Institute on Wednesday, 8th January.
Lieut. H. J. King, who was a few years ago on the National Bank staff at Bacchus Marsh, has been notified of his promotion to that of Captain. Capt. King enlisted as a Private early in 1915, and is at present recovering from recent wounds.
Mr. and Mrs. Jas. Smith, Rowsly railway station, have been advised that their son Sergeant Richard Norman Smith (an Anzac) may be expected to arrive home from Active Service any day now (in list Z). Sergeant Smith has rather a unique record, for he enlisted when only 15 years of age (eager to get away, he passed himself off as 21). He has spent five birthdays in khaki—the 16th at Broadmeadows camp; the 17th in Egypt; 18th and 19th in France; and the 20th in England. He has been wounded on morn than one occasion, and is at present being invalided home. Unfortunately, his brother Ernest was killed in Action some time ago.
His Majesty the King has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of the Meritorious Service Medal to the undermentioned, in recognition of valuable services ren dered with the Forces in France during the present war—No. 450, Corporal W. R. Morton.
The above official letter has been received by Mr. and Mrs. James Morton, Pentland Hills, Bacchus Marsh, and refers to their only son, an Anzac, who has been on Active Service for over four years, as he enlisted on 17th August, 1914, being one of the first from this district, being a member of thie local Light Horse Regiment. The well deserved honor mentioned above was won as far back as Sept., 1917, since which Corporal Morton has been mentioned in despatches for further conspicuous work. His horse was killed from under him by an exploding shell while he himself was badly wounded, from the effects of which he is still suffering. It is not known when this gallant soldier will arrive home, but in the meantime his parents have been heartily congratulated on the honors won by him.
On Friday there passed away at the Horsham Hospital after an illness of six weeks Mr.James Bushby, fifth son of the late Mr. John Bushby, of Drung Drung. The deceased, who had been farming at Dimboola, was 43 years of age and had seen four years active service in Egypt and France. He leaves a widow, to whom sympathy is extended. A military funeral was given their late comrade by Horsham returned men, and despite the boisterous weather there was a good muster, the funeral proceeding from the hospital to the Green Lake cemetery, where the Rev. Reed read the burial service. The parade was under the command of Captain Anderson, and the pallbearers were Sergeant-Major Pickett, Messrs. A. McDonald, N. Bleakley and G. Devlin. Messrs. Oulton & Boyle were the undertakers.
The Manning River Times (N.S.W.) contains the followming report of a send-off to Mr. Robert Lindsay, eldest son of Mr. Robert Lindsay, of Horsham :—On Friday evening, the 17th inst., the business people of Nahia met at the Union Hotel to bid farewell to Mr. R J Lindsay, accountant of the London Bank, prior to his departure for Nambour, Queensland. Mr. H. E. Milligan, shire president, occupied the chair, and in a short address spoke of Mr,. Lindsay's sterling qualilies as a courteous, obliging and competent bank olfficial, also the acquisition he had been to the town and surrounding district generally. Be expressed regret at his departure from their district, but congratulated him on his promotion. He explained that a farewell more representative of the district would have been rendered had it not been for the fact that Mr. Lindsay had just got out of bed after a serious illness and had been transferred at very short notice, the residents not having had sufficient time to arrange the farewell they would have liked. Dr. Parramore, on behalf of the members, also spoke of the interest Mr. Lindsay had taken in the Tennis Club, and wishled him bon voyage, good luck and prosperity in his future surroundings. Other speakers, including Mr. Morris, bank manager, and Messrs. F. Walden, Magennis, Leecdham, Lulham, Brown and McLcan also gave vent to their feelings towards Mr. Lindsay, as a bank official and citizen. A presentation of a set, of L. & Co. pipes was made by Mr. Milligan, after which Mr. Lindsay's health was drunk by the usual toasts. Mr. Lindsay in responding, spoke of the pleasing duty it had always been to be able to do business with people of the Wallamba type. He appreciated the kindly sentiments of the various speakers, and assured them that he would always have very many happy memories of the Wallamba district. The guest is late of the A.I.F. He takes away with him the good wishes of a large circle of friends.
Minister Seeks Further
(Following a telephone conversation with the Repatriation authorities in Melbourne, the Minister for Repatriation ( Senator Foll), announced to-day that another specialist would be asked to give his opinion in the case of the late,Corporal S. C. Dubout.
Dugout's wife is claiming full pension rights following her husband's death in hospital.
FULL PENSION ASKED.
A proposal that the Minister for Repatriation (Senator Foll) should grant the widow of Corporal . S. C. Dubout a full pension because of the special circumstances associated with the case was made by the Rev. C. E. Riley of Coogee, to-day.
When Dubout died, his widow agreed to a post mortem examination of the body and evidence disclosed resulted in the widow's failure to secure a full pension.
Mr. Riley said that it was difficult to understand the Minister's statement that "there had been difficulty of diagnosis, during Dubout's lifetime and uncertainty as to what basic trouble has caused his death."
Corporal Dubout had been receiving a full war pension for incapacity, and he suggested that the Minister ask the Repatriation authorities to report on several matters including:—
(1) Whether Corporal Dubout was admitted to a private hospital in Bendigo in 1936.
(2) Whether Dubout while in Victoria had applied for a special pension, but was refused.
(3) Whether Corporal Dubout entered a hospital within three weeks of his arrival in New South Wales from Victoria.
END OF DUBOUT CASE
WIDOW WILL RECEIVE FULL PENSION.
After a protracted fight on her behalf, the widow of Corporal S. C. Dubout has been advised by the Repatriation Commission that she will receive a full pension.
Dubout, before his death in September last year, had been receiving a full pension, but a post-mortem examination revealed that death was due to cancer. The death certificate did not disclose this, and the Repatriation Department, being of opinion that the cancer was not due to war service, declined to grant the widow a full pension.
On the widow's behalf the Returned Soldiers' League and other persons took the matter up with the Minister for Repatriation and another post-mortem examination by a specialist was held. The specialist declared that cancer was not the sole cause of death. This declaration was forwarded to the Repatriation Commission, which has now upheld the specialist's views.
Dubout was a Victorian, and was in Caulfield Military Hospital for some years before coming to New South Wales.
HELENA JANE SWANTON
Deep regret was expressed for the family of Mrs. Helena Jane Swanton when it became known that she had passed away at 6.30 p.m. on Tuesday last at her residence in Anderson Street, Werribee.
Mrs. Swanton, who was the relict of the late Samuel Swanton, had attained the advanced age of 85 years. Born at Richmond, she came to Werribee with her parents a few months later, and with other members of the family grew up in, the district. At that time there was no State schools in operation and private education was conducted in Werribee by Mrs. Swanton's mother, who taught the first pupils in these parts. Mrs. Swanton was married sixty years ago and reared a family of nine, most of whom were well and favorably known in Werribee. Three of her sons enlisted in the Great War, all of them paying the extreme sacrifice. With her sister, Mrs. Dukelow, of Mt. Cottrell, who is still living, Mrs. Swanton shared the honor of being the oldest resident in Werribee. Until she took a stroke about four years ago she had been a social worker of no mean ability and she will be long remembered for her many acts of charity and help towards those in need in Werribee as well as her work in aid of St. Thomas' Church of England, of which she was a conscientious member.
Left to mourn their loss are the following members of the family: Abraham (Swan Hill), Margaret (Mrs. Butler, Eltham), William (Werribee), Ann (Mrs. Green, Warragul), Freda (Mrs. E. J. Latham, Werribee South), and Adelaide (Mrs. Blight, Werribee).
The funeral will take place at the Werribee cemetery at 3.45 p.m. to-day.
THE remains of a Bacchus Marsh digger killed 98 years ago at the Battle of Fromelles have been formally identified.
Private Ernest Robert Oliver was killed on the night of July 19, 1916, during World War I.
His remains were identified recently and will be buried at the Pheasant Wood Military Cemetery in Fromelles on the 98th anniversary of the battle.
As the Germans cleared their lines after victory at the Battles of Fromelles, they collected the identity disks of the British and Australian soldiers killed, before burying them in a mass grave.
They sent the disks to the Red Cross, which then passed them on to the soldiers’ families.
Private Oliver was hit by a shell behind German lines during the Germans’ rout of Australian and British troops in northern France.
He was last seen by his brother-in-law, Private Matthew O’Shannessy, who gave an account when he returned to Australia in 1919.
“We heard him shout and a shell burst behind us. We got the live and injured men out afterwards, but nothing was seen of Oliver,” Private O’Shannessy related.
The mass grave where Private Oliver was buried was only identified in 2002 by former high school teacher Lambis Englezos, who noticed a discrepancy between the Red Cross’ wounded and missing register and the number of soldiers buried at Fromelles.
His work and pressure on the Australian government led to the site being properly excavated in 2009.
Of the 205 Australians and 45 Britons found in the mass grave, 61 are yet to be identified.
Volunteers are working through information to give closure to the families of those still to be identified.
After more than a decade of fighting for proper burials for these diggers, Mr Englezos said providing a resting place should outweigh any other considerations.
“This is our moral obligation. That comes before any practical or financial concern,” Mr Englezos said.
As a team from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission was unearthing the remains in 2009, Private Oliver’s great nephew, Kevin Anderson, was looking into his family history.
Mr Anderson initially thought Private Oliver was his grandfather, as his mother could not be sure. She was put up for adoption at birth and had little record of her biological family.
After Mr Anderson confirmed his grandfather was, in fact, Private Oliver’s younger brother Raymond, he kept investigating the Fromelles connection.
There were eye-witness accounts of Private Oliver’s death, but his remains had never been found, despite his identity disk being en sent home.
There was also uncertainty at the time of his death. Two months after the battle, Private Oliver’s widow Alice received a telegram from London, saying her husband was missing.
Mrs Oliver looked for answers at the time, but was left continually frustrated by the lack of information.
“It took several letters to England for any more information, and even then it took months and months for anything further to happen.
It was also possible he was wandering around France with shellshock, or he’d made his way back to England,” Mr Anderson said of his great uncle. “While this enabled the families to hold out some hope, ex-soldiers knew it generally meant they had been killed.”
Private Oliver’s death was confirmed with a simple letter, listing only his name and status as killed in action.
His name was on the Red Cross list Mr Englezos had used to narrow down the missing names of the 250 men killed behind enemy lines. There was resistance to his push to find these men, he said, but Mr Englezos persisted.
“We had active discouragement from the ‘owners of history’, but we kept on. The volunteers and advocates kept on with the project and we finally got through.”
The recognition from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission came only in 2008 and led to confirmation on the site through research by a team from Glasgow University. As the bodies were uncovered, identification proved difficult because the men’s identity disks had been taken by the Germans.
Former police officer Tim Lycett, now based on the Gold Coast after 25 years with Victoria Police, has been interested in World War I history all his life, with his grandfather surviving both the Gallipoli landing and the trench warfare on the Western Front, documenting it all in a diary.
Mr Lycett heard Mr Englezos speak during his campaign in 2006 and saw where there needed to be further efforts – descendants would need to be found to identify the bodies.
He also came across the resistance to the project.
“There were academics who argued the relatives would not know or care about these diggers, which has consistently and completely been proven wrong. All that was needed for this was the effort. We have the technology for this kind of operation and can do so much more than the British, Australian and Canadian researchers from the 1920s. They did as much they could then, but they reached the limits of the technology,” Mr Lycett said.
His efforts were necessary, he said, because families were not always aware their relatives were not in marked graves on European battlefields.
“The government was only going to put out a call for family members to come forward, so I knew we had to reach to them in some way.”
He started an internet forum devoted to Fromelles and moved the group to Facebook in 2012. “Without the internet, this would not have been possible,” he said.
Using the connections made on the page, Mr Lycett provided the links to the majority of the DNA samples from relatives of the identified men.
Private Oliver was counted among the dead just in time to be included in the Bacchus Marsh Avenue of Honour, which was established in a tree-planting ceremony in 1917.
Great War Centenary Committee member Faye Threlfall said the ceremony would be recreated in 2017.
“(At the original ceremony) the townpeople planted the oaks all at once to the sound of the bugle. We’ll do something similar.”
Bacchus Marsh residents have been fighting to protect the memorial in recent years, with a truck bypass proposed by VicRoads and Moorabool Shire Council in 2010 looking to remove nine of the trees.
Four rotting exotic trees in the Bacchus Marsh Avenue of Honour will be removed between May 18 and June 5 – and replaced with plants propagated from the seeds of the original elms.
Moorabool Shire Council says the move will provide continuity and connection to the original cultivars and plantings.
The first 280 trees planted in the Avenue date back to 10 August 1918 – before World War One ended. Each tree remembers someone who served – and was planted by a friend or relative.
According to the Bacchus Marsh Express of the time, elms were chosen because the Country Roads Board disapproved of evergreens which they believed made the road stay damp in Winter.
Next week’s removals and replantings will take place between 8am and 5pm.“Unfortunately, there are no mitigation options to maintain these trees at an acceptable level of risk in accordance with accepted industry standards,” a council spokesperson said.
“The reasons for removal are due to extensive decay in the trunk, root buttress and/or main stems.”Moorabool Chief Executive Derek Madden said Council would make sure traffic and other disruptions were minimised.
“Efforts will be made to limit traffic disruptions and road closures during these works, (but) our primary objective is always to ensure the safety of workers, pedestrians, motorists and the general public,” he said.
The Council says the works are part of an ongoing commitment to make sure the avenue remains a living memorial to people who served from the Bacchus Marsh area.